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Posted Date: 14 Jan 2009 Posted By: Tony John Member Level: Diamond Points: 0
|Author: Nitin 28 Feb 2009 Member Level: Diamond Points: 5 (Rs 3)|
|Arunachal Pradesh is the easternmost state of India. Arunachal Pradesh borders with the state of Assam to the south and Nagaland to the southeast. Burma/Myanmar lies towards the east, Bhutan towards the west, and Tibet to the north. Itanagar is the capital of the state. Arunachal Pradesh is administered as an Indian State.|
Arunachal Pradesh means "land of the dawn lit mountains" in Sanskrit. It is also known as "land of the rising sun".
|Author: Ashis Dubey 12 Jun 2009 Member Level: Diamond Points: 2 (Rs 1)|
|Winner of General Elections 2009 in Arunachal West is TAKAM SANJOY (INC)|
S.No. Name Party Votes
1 KIREN RIJIJU BJP 139129
2 TAKAM SANJOY INC 140443
3 TABA TAKU LB 2970
4 SUBU KECHI IND 3168
|Author: Santosh 31 Jul 2009 Member Level: Gold Points: 50 (Rs 50)|
Area: 83,743sq km
Population: Total: 1097968 Male:579,941 Female: 518,027
Population Density: 13 per sq km
Sex Ratio: 893 females per 1000 males
Principal Languages: Nissi/daffla, Nepali, Bengali.
Literacy rates: Total: 54.3%, Male:63.8%, Female;43.5%.
Arunachal Pradesh is a land of lush green forests, deep river valleys and plateaus. The land is mostly mountainous with the Himalayan ranges lying along the northern borders criss-crossed with northern running ranges. These divide the state into five river valleys: the kameng, the Subansiri, the Siang, the Lohit and the Tirap. A series of foothills lie in the southernmost part of the state Assam plains to touch altitudes of 300 to 1000 meters. These hills rise northward to the Lessser Himalayas to reach heights of more than 3000 meters. The main ranges of the Great Himalayas lie further north along the Chinese border.
Neighbouring states and Union territories:
International borders: Bhutan, China, Myanmar.
States: Assam, Nagaland.
The Brahmaputra, known as the Siang in Arunachal Pradesh, and its tributaries which include theLohit, Subansiri, Dibang, Kameng, Tirap, Kamla, Siyum, Noa-Dihing, and Kamlang.
The climate of Arunachal Pradesh varies from subtrophical in the south to alphine in the north. Arunachal Pradesh receives heavy rainfall varying from 1000mm in the higher altitudes to 5750mm in the foothills. Average rainfall is more than 3500mm. It is spread over eight to nine months with the exception of a dry period in winter. The average temperature ranges from 15 to 21C during winter and 22 to 30C during monsoon. Between June and August the temperature sometimes rises to 40-42C.
Flora and Fauna:
Almost 60 percent of the state is covered with evergreen forests. Arunachal Pradesh has seven types of forests. These are: tropical, subtropical, pine, temperate, alpine, bamboo and degraded forests. Besides these forests, there are grasslands in the riverine plains and higher altitudes.
The state is home to a variety of timber species, orchids, oaks, rhododendrons, medicinal plants, ferns, bamboos and canes.
Arunachal Pradesh has a rich wildlife population. It is home to the mithun, elephant, tiger, leopard, snowleopard, clouded leopard, white browed gibbon, red panthers, musk deer, guarand wild buffalo. The species of primates found in the state include slowloris, hoolock gibbon, rhesus macaque, pigtailed macaque, Assamese macaque, stump-tailed macaque, and capped langur. Three species of goat-antelopes, serow, goral and takin are found in the state. Significant species of birds found in the state are hornbill, Sclater’s monal, white winged duck, Bengal florican, Temminck’s tragopan and green pigeon.
The history of Arunachal Pradesh is rich in myths and traditions. The recorded history of this state is available only from the sixteenth century onwards. It was at this point of time that the Ahom kings began to rule Assam. The modern history of the state begins with the imposition of British rule in Assam following the Treaty of Yandaboo(1826). Between 1947 and 1962, it was a part of the North East Frontier Agency that was constitutionally a part of Assam. Because of its strategic importance, the ministry of external affairs administered Arunachal Pradesh till 1965, with the governor of Assam acting as an agent to the President of India. The administrative head was the advisor to the governor. Later, in August 1965, the ministry of home affairs gained administrative control, In 1972, it became a Union territory under the name of Arunachal Pradesh. In 1975, it got its own legislature. Arunachal Pradesh attained full-Fledged statehood on 20 February 1987. At that time, Gegong Apang was its Chief minister.
The various tribes of Arunachal Pradesh have their own dance forms. Some of the more popular folk dances include Roppi(Nishing Tribe), Aji Lamu(Monpa), Hiirii Khaniing(Apatani) Chalo(Nocte), Lion and Peacock dance(Monpa) Ponung(Adi), Popir(Adi), Pasi Kongki(Adi) and Rekham Pada(Nishing). Most of the dance forms of the state are group dances performed by both men and women. However there are some dance forms, such as the war dances of the Adis, Noctes and Wanchos, lgu dance of the Mishmi priests and ritualistic dance of the Buddhist tribes, that are exclusive male dances. The state has a notable tradition of bamboo and cane handicrafts, as well as pottery, carpet weaving and woodcarving. Handloom is a significant aspect of the state’s culture and tradition.
Fairs and festivals:
Important festivals of the state include Lossar, Si-Donyi, Mopin, Solung, Nyokum, Dree, SipongYong, Reh, Boori-boot, Kshyatsowai, Tamladu, Sarok, Chalo-loku, Nichido, Sangken, Mopin and Oriah ParashuramKund Mela(Parashuram Kund) and Malinithan Mela(Likabali) are two notable fairs of the state.
Industry and Agriculture:
Minerals and industry:
Notable among the industries of the state are timber-based industries, tourism, tea-based industries, coal mines and fruit processing plants.
Coal reserves at the Namchik-Namphuk coalfield are estimated at 90million tones. Petroleum crude reserves are estimated at 1.5 million tones. Besides these, there are reported deposits of iron, copper, limestone, graphite, dolomite, quartzite, Kyanite and mica.
The major crops grown in the state are rice, maize, wheat, pulses and sugarcane. There are rubber, coffee and tea plantations. The state also grows banana, ginger, chillies, turmeric, pineapple, plum, orange, apple, walnut, guava, grapes and potato.
Most of the state’s power requirements are met by hydroelectric power plants. As a matter of fact, the hydel power potential of Arunachal Pradesh is estimated at 30,000 MW. There are a large number of mini and micro hydel power plants in the state. A certain amount of the state’s power needs are met by diesel power plants.
Educational Institutes: Arunachal University(Itanagar), North Eastern Regional Institute of Science and Technology(Itanagar).
Major Tourist attractions:
Tawang Monastery, Bhismaknagar, Malinithan, Parashuram Kund, Tipi Orchid Research Centre, Akashiganga, Gekar Sinyi(Ganaga lake), Talley Valley, Dr D. Ering Wildlife Sanctuary, Bomdila.
Airports: Along, Daporijo, Pasighat, Teju, ziro.
National Parks: Mouling national Park in Upper Siang district(483 sq km) and Namdapha National Park in Changlang district(1985.23sq km).
|Author: J. Stanly Jones 17 Dec 2009 Member Level: Gold Points: 8 (Rs 3)|
Date of Formation: 20th February 1987 (21st June 1972 was a Union Territory created from part of Assam)
Area: 83,743 sq.km
Boundary: It has a long international border with Bhutan to the west (160 km), China to the north and north-east (1,080 km) and Myanmar to the east (440 km)
Population: 1,091,117 (2001 census; Males – 573,951; Females – 517,166)
Sex Ratio: 901
Literacy: 54.7 % (Males – 63.8 %; Females – 43.5 %)
Districts: 16 (Changlang; Dibang Valley; East Kameng; East Siang; Kurung Kumey; Lohit; Lower Subansiri; Papumpare; Tawang; Tirap; Upper Siang; Upper Subansiri; West Kameng; West Siang; Anjaw)
Member of Parliament: Rajya Sabha – 1; Lok Shaba – 2
Member of Legislative Assembly: 60
Chief Languages: Monpa; Miji; Aka; Shedukpen; Nyishi; Apatani; Tagin; Hill Miri; Adi; Digaru Mismi; Idu-Mishmi; Khamti; Miju-Mishmi; Nocte; Tangsa; Wancho
Culture: Dances (Popir, Aji Lama, Hiiri Khaning, Cham, War dance
Festivals: Mopin, Solung, Lossar, Booriboot, Dree, Si-Donyi, Reh, Nyokum, Chalo-loku
State Bird: Hornbill
State Animal: Mithun (Bos Frontails)
State Flower: Rhynchostylis Retusa (Fox tail orchid)
Major Tribes: 20
Place of Historical Interest: Bhismaknagar, Malinithan, Parashuram, Kund, Itanagar, Tawang Monastery, Namdapha Wild life sanctuary, Tippi Orchid centre, Akashiganga
Major Religions: Buddhism; Hinduism; Christianity
Main Towns: Itanagar, Tawang, Bomdila, Ziro, Seppa, Daporijo, Along, Pasighat, Yingkiong, Anini, Tezu, Khonsa, Walong
Economy: Minerals (Coal, dolomite, marble, lead, zinc, graphite); Industries (Handlooms, Handifrafts); Agriculture (Rice, maize, wheat, pulses, sugarcane, ginger, oilseeds, fruit orchids)
Main Railway Station: Bhalukpong
Airports: Itanagar, Daparjio, Ziro, Along, Tezu, Pashigat
|Author: MALLEDI 17 Apr 2010 Member Level: Silver Points: 5 (Rs 2)|
|ARUNACHAL PRADESH CHIEF MINISTERS:|
1.NAME: PREM KHANDU THUNGAN
TENUE: 13-08-1975 to 18-09-1979
PARTY: Indian National Congress (INC)
2.NAME: TOMO RIBA
TENURE: 18-09-1979 to 03-11-1979
PARTY: People's Party of Arunachal Pradesh
PRESIDENT RULE 03-11-1979 to 18-01-1980
3. NAME: GEGONG APANG
TANURE: 18-01-1980 to 19-01-1999
PARTY: Indian National Congress (INC) , Arunachal Congress
4.NAME: MUKUT MITHI
TENURE: 19-01-1999 to 03-08-2003
PARTY: Arunachal Congress (Mithi),
Indian National Congress (INC)
5.NAME: GEGONG APNAG (2nd Time)
TENURE: 03-08-2003 to 09-04-2007
PARTY: United Democratic Front (UDF),
Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP),
Indian National Congress(INC)
5.NAME: DORJEE KHANDU
TENURE: 09-04-2007 to Present
PARTY: Indian National Congress (INC)
|Author: MALLEDI 24 Jun 2010 Member Level: Silver Points: 5 (Rs 3)|
|Arunachal Pradesh Governors:|
Name: Sri Bhisma Narain Singh
20 February, 1987 To 18 March. 1987
Name: Sri R.D. Pradhan
19 March. 1987 To 16 March. 1990
Name:Dr. Gopal Singh
17 March. 1990 To 8 May, 1990
Name: Sri D.D. Thaku
9 May, 1990 To 16 March. 1991
Name: Sri Loknath Mishra
17 March, 1991 To 25 March, 1991
Name: Sr S.N. Dwivedi
26 March. 1991 To 4 July, 1993
Name: Sri Madhukar Dighe
5 July, 1993 To 20 October, 1993
Name: Sri Mata Prasad
21 October, 1993 To 16 May, 1999
Name: Lt.General (Rtd.) SK Sinha
17 May, 1999 To 1 August, 1999
Name: Sri Arvind Dave
2 August, 1999 To 12 June, 2003
Name: Sri V.C. Pande
13 June, 2003 To 15 December, 2004
Name: Sri S.K. singh
16 December, 2004 To 23 January, 2007
Name: Sri MM Jacob (Acting)
24 January, 2007 To 6 April, 2007
Name: Sri K. Sankaranayanan (Acting)
7 April, 2007 to 14 April, 2007
Name: Sri SK Singh
15 April, 2007 to 3 September, 2007
Name: Sri K Sankaranarayanan (Acting)
4 September, 2007 to 26 January, 2008
Name: Joginder Jaswant Singh
27 January, 2008 To ---
|Author: jawjagam 06 Sep 2010 Member Level: Bronze Points: 0|
|Author: jawjagam 06 Sep 2010 Member Level: Bronze Points: 0|
|Principal languages: Nyishi,adi,hindi|
|Author: Pramod Dabholkar 13 Nov 2011 Member Level: Diamond Points: 1 (Rs 1)|
|Author: Pramod Dabholkar 29 Dec 2011 Member Level: Diamond Points: 0|
|State tree: Hollong (Dipterocarpus macrocarpus)|
State flower: Lady's Slipper Orchid