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Active and Passive Voice-Part-II


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Hi friends,
So far, we have discussed about various rules for changing a sentence from Active to Passive Voice. The sentences we had taken were mainly of Affirmative (Positive) types. Now let us discuss about Interrogative and Imperative sentences.


Interrogative Sentence

Study the following sentences:

Is she cleaning the room? — Is the room being cleaned by her?
Has he solved the question? — Has the question been solved by him?
Do you play cricket? — Is cricket played by you?
Does Uma sing a song? — Is a song sung by Uma?
Did you call me? — Was I called by you?

Note:
1.If the Interrogative Sentence starts with a helping verb (is, am, are, was, were, has, have or had), the same is changed as per the rules already stated in Part—I of Active and Passive Voice.
2.If the Interrogative Sentence starts with do, does or did; the same is removed and a suitable helping verb (in case of ‘do/does’, ‘is/am/are’ and for ‘did’, ‘was/were’) is placed according to the new subject.
3.The main verb is always changed into its Past Participle Form.

Imperative Sentence

There are two ways of changing an Imperative sentence into Passive Voice.

Study the following sentences:

Switch off the light. — Let the light be switched off.
Help the poor and the needy. — Let the poor and the needy be helped.
Speak the truth. — Let the truth be spoken.
Please help me. — You are requested to help me.
Take these medicines. — You are advised to take these medicines.
Note:
1.Follow the structure ‘Let + subject + be + III form of the verb.
2.You can also start the Passive with ‘You are ordered/advised/requested (according to the sense of the sentence) + to followed by the complete sentence in the Active Voice. (and it is the easiest way, though informal.)
3.In case, the sentence starts with ‘Please/Kindly’ remove it and start the Passive Voice with ‘You are requested to’ followed by the sentence.

Verb with Double Objects

As we have already learnt, the subject and object of a sentence interchange their places while changing it from Active to Passive and vice-versa. But there are some sentences where two objects (living or Indirect and non-living or Direct) are used. Let’s see how they are changed:


Study the following sentences:

My father gave me a prize. – I was given a prize by my father.
Or
A prize was given to me by my father.

Priya told me a story. — I was told a story by Priya.
Or
A story was told to me by Priya.

There are two objects in the above sentences; one Indirect and the other Direct. We can change the sentences into Passive Voice by taking either of the Objects as Subjects.

Remember: There is no fixed rule as to which object should be taken as subject; generally, the Indirect Object is taken as the subject in the Passive and the Direct Object is left as it is. However, if the Direct Object is taken as the Subject; ‘to’ is added before the Indirect Object.

PS: If anybody has any doubt or needs any sort of clarification, he can contact me directly. I shall be rather pleased to be of any help to any of the members.


Sample Usage

As given above with every section


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Previous Resource: The Adjectives—Part-I

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