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The Tenses: Part-VII


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Hi friends,

I think by now, you must have got some fair idea about the proper use of tense. As we know, the next part of tense is ‘Perfect Tense’.

A ‘Perfect Tense’ shows completion of some work at the time of speaking.
This tense is used when we talk about something which has just been completed. Let us now discuss about this tense in detail:

Present Perfect Tense

Present Perfect Tense is used:

1.To express an action that has just been completed:
The sun has set. I have done my homework.
2.To express an action completed in the past but connected with the present:
He has made a mistake. Who has taken my pen?

Formation of Sentences

Affirmative Sentence
Pattern: Subject +has/have + Past Participle form (III form) of the verb + object.

Examples:

1.I have gone to school. 2. We have gone to school.
3.You have gone to school. 4. He has gone to school.
5.She has gone to school 6. They have gone to school.
7.Razia has gone to school. 8. Aman has gone to school.
9.The children have gone to school. 10.The boys have gone to school.

Remember:

1.For pronouns I, we, you, they, or any plural, ‘have’ is used after the subject.
2. For pronouns he, she, it, or any name ‘has’ is used after the subject.
3. The main verb always remains in the Past Participle form (III form).
4. A Full Stop (.) is used at the end of the sentence.

Negative Sentence

Pattern: Subject +has/have + not + Past Participle form (III form) of the verb + object.

Examples:

1.I have not gone to school. 2. We have not gone to school.
3.You have not gone to school. 4. He has not gone to school.
5.She has not gone to school 6. They have not gone to school.
7.Razia has not gone to school. 8. Aman has not gone to school.
9.The children have not gone to school.10. The boys have not gone to school.

Remember:
1.For pronouns I, we, you, they, or any plural, ‘have’ is used after the subject.
2.For pronouns he, she, it, or any name ‘has’ is used after the subject.
3.‘not’ is used between ‘has’/’have’ and the main verb.
4.The main verb always remains in the Past Participle form (III form).
5.A Full Stop (.) is used at the end of the sentence.


Interrogative Sentence

Pattern: Has/have + subject + Past Participle form (III form) of the verb + object.

Examples:

1.Have I gone to school? 2. Have we gone to school?
3.Have you gone to school? 4. Has he gone to school?
5.Has she gone to school? 6. Have they gone to school?
7.Has Razia gone to school? 8. Has Aman gone to school?
9.Have the children gone to school. 10. Have the boys gone to school?

Remember:
1. For pronouns I, we, you, they, or any plural, ‘have’ is used before the subject.
2. For pronouns he, she, it, or any name ‘has’ is used before the subject.
3. The main verb always remains in the Past Participle form (III form).
4. A Question Mark (?) is used at the end of the sentence.




Sample Usage

As given against each.


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