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The Tenses: Part-X


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Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Hi friends,

Today our topic of discussion is Perfect Continuous Tense.

The ‘Perfect Continuous Tense’ shows that some action had already started earlier and it is still going on at the time of speaking.
Now, let us discuss about the use of this tense in detail:



Present Perfect Continuous Tense is used to

1. Show an action that started at some time in the past and is still continuing.
2. Time expressions like ‘for’, ‘since’, ‘how long’ etc. are used with this tense.
We have been playing since morning. He has been reading a book for two hours.


Formation of Sentences

Affirmative Sentence

Pattern: Subject + has been/have been + first form of the verb + ing + for/since +object.

Examples:

1.I have been reading Hindi for 2.We have been reading Hindi since morning.
two hours.
3.You have been working for 4. He has been working since morning.
two hours.
5.She has been playing for 6. They have been playing since morning.
two hours.
7.Razia has been singing for 8. Aman has been singing since morning.
two hours.
9. The children have been running 10. The boys have been running since morning.
for two hours.

Remember:

1. For pronouns I, we, you, they and any other plural, ‘have been’ is used after the subject.
2. For pronouns he, she, it and any other name, ‘has been’ is used after the subject.
3. ‘ing’ is added to the first form of verb.
4. ‘for’/ ’since’ is used after the object according to the rule mentioned above.
5. A Full Stop (.) is used at the end of the sentence.

Negative Sentence

Pattern: Subject + has /have + not + been + first form of the verb + ing + for/since +object.

Examples:

1.I have not been reading Hindi 2.We have not been reading Hindi since morning.
for two hours.
3.You have not been working 4. He has not been working since morning.
for two hours.
5.She has not been playing 6. They have not been playing since morning.
for two hours.
7.Razia has not been singing 8. Aman has not been singing since morning.
for two hours.
9.The children have not been 10. The boys have not been running since morning.
running for two hours.

Remember:

1. For pronouns I, we, you, they and any other plural, ‘have been’ is used.
2. For pronouns he, she, it and any other name, ‘has been’ is used.
3. ‘not’ is placed between ‘has/have’ and ‘been’.
3. ‘ing’ is added to the first form of verb.
4. ‘for’/ ’since’ is used after the object according to the rule mentioned above.
5. A Full Stop (.) is used at the end of the sentence.



Interrogative Sentence

Pattern: Has/have + subject + been + first form of the verb + ing + for/since +object.

Examples:

1.Have I been reading Hindi 2. Have we been reading Hindi since morning?
for two hours?
3.Have you been working 4. Has he been working since morning?
for two hours?
5.Has she been playing 6. Have they been playing since morning?
for two hours?
7.Has Razia been singing 8. Has Aman been singing since morning?
for two hours?
9.Have the children been running 10. Have the boys been running since morning?
for two hours?

Remember:

1. For pronouns I, we, you, they and any other plural, ‘have’ is used before the subject.
2. For pronouns he, she, it and any other name, ‘has’ is used before the subject.
3. ‘been’ is put after the subject.
3. ‘ing’ is added to the first form of verb.
4. ‘for’/ ’since’ is used after the object according to the rule mentioned above.
5. A Question Mark (?) is used at the end of the sentence.



Sample Usage

As shown above


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Previous Resource: The Tenses: Part-XI

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