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Basic Glossary Usage of Since / For


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The use of SINCE

The word since represents the word "from." It is used to convey a relationship of a phenomenon which happened from a particular time point.

Since is an adverb meaning "from then until now".
Ex: She was appointed in May and has been supervisor ever since.

It is also used as an adverb meaning "between a particular past time and the present, subsequently".
Ex: They had at first refused to cooperate, but have since agreed to volunteer

As a preposition, since means "continuously from".
Ex: It has been rainy since June.

It is also used as a preposition meaning "between a past time or event and the present".
Ex: There have been many changes since the merger.

As a conjunction, since means "in the period following the time when".
Ex: He has called since he changed jobs.

Since is also used as a synonym for "because".
Ex: Since you're here early, let's begin.


The use of FOR

For is used when we measure the duration – when we say how long something last.To measure a period of time up to the present, we use the present perfect tense and not the present tense.


Sample Usage

Examples of Since:

Since you're losing weight, make sure you drink plenty of water!

Since it's so hot, I'll have an iced coffee.

I can't take him with me since he's ill.

From then until now or between then and now: They left town and haven't been here since.

Continuously from: They have been friends since childhood.

Intermittently from: She's been skiing since childhood.

Its been a long time since we have spent time together.

Examples of For:

They exercise for two hours every day.

They are exercising for three hours today.

He has lived in Moscow for a long time.

He has been living in Turin for three months.

I worked at the service station for five years.

He will be in hospital for at least a week.


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