Learn & Improve Your English


Agreement of Sentence Parts


    Author:     Member Level: Gold    Points: 10 (Rs 10)

Agreement is what it sounds like—matching. Specifically, agreement refers to the matching of number, person, and gender within a sentence. Subjects and verbs must match in number (singular or plural) and person (first, second, or third). Pronouns and their antecedents (the words to which they refer) must also match in gender (masculine, feminine, or neuter). The following reviews the person, number and gender:

First Person:

The Speakers:
I, we

Number:

• Singular- I am here
Plural- We are here
• Singular- I was here
Plural- We were here
• Singular- I begin
Plural- We begin

Second Person:

Those spoken to:
you

Number:

Singular- You are here ......Plural- You are here
Singular- You were here .....Plural- You were here


Third Person:

Those spoken about:
he, she, it, they

Number:

Singular- He(She) is here Plural- They are here
Singular- It is here Plural- They are here
Singular- He(She) was here Plural- They were here
Singular- It was here Plural- They were here

Gender:

Masculine
Nouns That Name Males
Pronouns Referring to Males: he, him

Feminine
Nouns That Name Females
Pronouns Referring to Females: she, her

Neuter
Nouns That Name Ideas, Places, Things, Qualities
Pronouns Referring to the Above List: it, they

Sentences that do not maintain agreement among all their elements sound clumsy; they can be ambiguous as well. Sentences in which all the parts do agree help make your point more clearly and logically. There are several situations that can cause difficulty with agreement.

A subject must agree with its verb in number.
A singular subject takes a singular verb. A plural subject takes a plural verb.


Sample Usage

1) The snacks are on the table.

2) They are leaving now.

3) She is on her way to her office.

4) It is kept under the table.


Next Resource: Misplaced and Dangling Modifiers
Previous Resource: Complex Sentences and Compound-Complex Sentences

Return to Index

Post New English Language Resource


Related Resources


Awards & Gifts
Top Contributors
TodayLast 7 Daysmore...

 
ISC Technologies, Kochi - India. © All Rights Reserved.