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  • Category: Central Government

    What is human poverty index 1 and 2?

    what is human poverty index 1 & 2.as per UNDP. what is various dimention of that? how we differentiated both? how it is calculated?
  • #67787

    Human Poverty Index-1


    1. It is meant for developing countries.

    2. In HPI-1, there is consideration of three issues-

    - P1: The percentage of persons who cannot live more than 40 years of age.

    - P2: Adult illiteracy

    - P3: Average of people who are not access to basic amenities.

    3. Calculation of HPI-1: With the formula, 1/3{ (P13) + (P23) + (P33)} 1/3

    4. This formula output is considered as HPI-1.

    Human Poverty Index-2


    1. It is meant for OECD countries.

    2. In HPI-2, there is consideration of 4 issues.

    - P1: The percentage of persons who cannot live more than 60 years of age.

    - P2: Adult functional illiteracy.

    - P3: Population who are below poverty line (BPL).

    - P4: Long term unemployment rate basically for the period of 12 months.

    3. Calculation of HPI-2: With the formula, 1/4{ (P13) + (P23) + (P33) + (P43) } 1/3

    4. This formula output is considered as HPI-2.


    Difference between HPI-1 and HPI-2:



    1. HPI-1 is related to developing countries whereas HPI-2 is for OECD countries.

    2. In HPI-1 countries adult illiteracy is taken into consideration, whereas in HPI-2, adult functional illiteracy is taken and unemployment rate is included.

    3. In HPI-1, HPI-1, 40 years age below is taken into consideration, but in HPI-2 60 years are taken into consideration.

    4. In HPI-1, total three issues are taken whereas in HPI-2 total 4 issues are taken.

    Note: OECD means Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. This is a group of industrially developed countries.

    "Look at ants and learn"


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