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What is human poverty index 1 and 2?

Date: 18 Jan 2011   Group: Government    Category: Central Government   


what is human poverty index 1 & 2.as per UNDP. what is various dimention of that? how we differentiated both? how it is calculated?


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Author: Chakravarthi (Emperor)    21 Mar 2011      Member Level: Gold     Points : 5  (Rs 3)    Voting Score: 0

Human Poverty Index-1


1. It is meant for developing countries.

2. In HPI-1, there is consideration of three issues-

- P1: The percentage of persons who cannot live more than 40 years of age.

- P2: Adult illiteracy

- P3: Average of people who are not access to basic amenities.

3. Calculation of HPI-1: With the formula, 1/3{ (P13) + (P23) + (P33)} 1/3

4. This formula output is considered as HPI-1.

Human Poverty Index-2


1. It is meant for OECD countries.

2. In HPI-2, there is consideration of 4 issues.

- P1: The percentage of persons who cannot live more than 60 years of age.

- P2: Adult functional illiteracy.

- P3: Population who are below poverty line (BPL).

- P4: Long term unemployment rate basically for the period of 12 months.

3. Calculation of HPI-2: With the formula, 1/4{ (P13) + (P23) + (P33) + (P43) } 1/3

4. This formula output is considered as HPI-2.


Difference between HPI-1 and HPI-2:



1. HPI-1 is related to developing countries whereas HPI-2 is for OECD countries.

2. In HPI-1 countries adult illiteracy is taken into consideration, whereas in HPI-2, adult functional illiteracy is taken and unemployment rate is included.

3. In HPI-1, HPI-1, 40 years age below is taken into consideration, but in HPI-2 60 years are taken into consideration.

4. In HPI-1, total three issues are taken whereas in HPI-2 total 4 issues are taken.

Note: OECD means Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. This is a group of industrially developed countries.

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