|Author: Amal Baby 13 Mar 2012 Member Level: Silver Points : 2 (Rs 1) Voting Score: 0|
A program for early selection and treatment of the infant with myelomeningocele was developed at the University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center in 1977.According to all available dataas surgery is the best treatment for Myelomeningocele to avoid infection and other complications of Myeomeningocele.
|Author: Dr. Rohit kumar 21 Mar 2012 Member Level: Silver Points : 3 (Rs 3) Voting Score: 0|
Spina bifida occurs due to defect in spinal canal and the surrounding vertebra. Myelomeningocele occurs due to herniation of the neural tube between vertebrae. This results in several symptoms such as urinary retention, gait, abnormal pelvis and sensory loss in limbs. Folic acid capsules are given to the pregnant women to prevent the foetus from myelomeningocele. Treatment of this disease is surgical and a good neurosurgeon should be consulted.
|Author: Pradeepraj R 06 May 2012 Member Level: Gold Points : 2 (Rs 2) Voting Score: 0|
Spina bifida is also called as rachischisis. A developmental defect in which the newborn baby has part of the spinal core and its coverings exposed through a gap in the backbone. The symptoms may include paralysis of the legs, incontinence and mental retardation from the commonly associated brain defect, hydrocephalus. It is associated with an abnormal high level me alpha fetoprotein in the amniotic fluid surrounding the embryo. The condition can be diagnosed at about the 16th week of pregnancy by a maternal alone test and confirmed by amniocentesis and ultrasound, so making the termination me pregnancy. The risk is reduced by maternal folic acid supplementation during first three months. It is two types spina bifida occulta and aperta. The x ray, CT and MRI are investigations needed. The treatment includes deformity correction, maintaining visceral function, development of limb function and ventriculo peritoneal shunt or ventriculo atrial shunt surgery for hydrocephalus.