|Author: Shashikanth Vydyula 08 May 2012 Member Level: Gold Points : 2 (Rs 1) Voting Score: 0|
If a person is diagnosed with cirrhosis then avoid alcohol cosumption. Even though the cause of cirrhosis may not be alcohol, stop taking alcohol which will cause further damage. Eat food containing low sodium or with low salt. Excess salt will cause swelling of abdomen due to water retention. Eat lots of fruits which keep you away from infections. Hepatitis is common during cirrhosos along with jaundice. Vaccination against these is must. Stop smoking if the person is a smoker.
|Author: Prateek Sharma 09 May 2012 Member Level: Silver Points : 5 (Rs 4) Voting Score: 0|
Cirrhosis is scarring of the liver. It occurs in response to chronic damage to liver. With mild cirrhosis, liver can repair itself and continue to do its job. But with more advanced cirrhosis, more and more scar tissue forms in the liver, making it impossible to function adequately.
A wide variety of diseases and conditions can damage the liver and lead to cirrhosis, including:
•Chronic alcohol abuse
•Destruction of the bile ducts (primary biliary cirrhosis)
•Fat that accumulates in the liver (nonalcoholic fatty liver disease)
•Hardening and scarring of the bile ducts (primary sclerosing cholangitis)
•Inability to process sugars in milk (galactosemia)
•Iron buildup in the body (hemochromatosis)
•Liver disease caused by your body's immune system (autoimmune hepatitis)
Treatments for the underlying cause of cirrhosis
•People with cirrhosis caused by alcohol use need to stop drinking.
•Medications may control damage to liver cells caused by hepatitis B or C.
•Fluid that accumulates in the abdomen (ascites) or legs (edema) may be managed with a low-sodium diet and water pills. More severe fluid buildup may require procedures to drain the fluid or surgery to relieve pressure.
•Blood pressure medications may control increasing pressure in the veins around the liver. This may prevent severe bleeding.
•The doctor may recommend periodic blood tests and ultrasound exams to look for signs of liver cancer.
•People with advanced cirrhosis may require liver transplants if their livers are no longer functioning (liver failure).
|Author: Dr.Nikhil Ratna 10 May 2012 Member Level: Gold Points : 4 (Rs 2) Voting Score: 0|
Wonderful answer by Prateek. Just want to add few things.
Cirrhosis is a pathological conclusion. Its scarring.
Jaundice is a clinical symptom (yellowish discoloration of skin, mucous membranes etc) which is seen in not just cirrhosis which is a grave disease but in mild hepatic dysfunction or any grade of liver cell failure and even in case of no abnormality of Liver like in Hemolytic anemia or obstruction in biliary tree.
There are several more causes for cirrhosis like Wilson's disease, Alpha anti trypsin deficiency, even OC pills can induce it.
@Shashikanth, Please be clear in mentioning association between Hepatitis, Juandice, Cirrhosis. As I have mentioned jaundice is a clinical symptom, Hepaitis is inflammation (due to lot of causes) here you might be referring to Hepatitis virus. It is not always the cause for hepatitis and hepatitis always do not cause cirrhosis. Also water retention can not only cause abdominal swelling but generalisd oedema or in the pleural cavity which is not apparent to the patient.
@Prateek, what do you mean by "water pills". Do you mean Diuretics that cause water to be excreted through urine.
|Author: Dr.Nikhil Ratna 10 May 2012 Member Level: Gold Points : 5 (Rs 3) Voting Score: 0|
Dear Ravi, coming to your queries..
Firstly Cirrhosis is managed conservatively until transplant is indicated. You could have mentioned medical history elaborated. You could have mentioned the comparison between the USG abdomen, the improvement.
Coming to precautions in cirrhosis, Avoid fatty food,avoid alcohol, avoid hepato-toxic drugs like Paracetamol, T.B drugs, etc.
Coming to complications of Cirrhosis. Cirrhosis may create back pressure in portal circulation and cause portal hypertension which in turn may effect spleen and other vessels with which the portal vein or its tributaries are in proximity. They establish connections (anastamosis) called porto-systemic anastamosis. If it occurs near oesophagus and can cause bloody vomittings, If it occurs near umbilicus vessels, Caput meduse may occur. If it occurs near rectal vessels, it may cause bleeding in the motions.
Liver is a vital organ of the body. The complications of liver diseases are unending...