There are mainly three types of courses if you are looking for nursing as a profession.
It is 1) BSc Nursing (4year degree Course)
2) GNM - General Nursing and Midwifery (3year diploma)
3) ANM - Auxiliary Nursing and Midwifery
About of the scope of this profession, it is of high as the number of hospitals coning up is also more. And the boom in the Medical Tourism also add to the scope. But the salary package is comparatively low with other profession it is expected to rise in the coming years. The other important factor is that the person has to be updated always as new things come up so fast in this profession.
The main duties of a nurse include:
Helping the patient in his activities.
Assisting the doctor in rounds.
Providing medication to the patient.
Helping the doctors in the procedure.
Assisting the doctor in times of operation.
Providing assurance to the patients and also to the patients family.
The duties done by the nurses also depend on their experience and also their to the area of their expertise.
There are many option after doing Bsc nursing , the person can go for MSc in different field like Obstetrics , Pediatrics, Psychiatry, Medical Surgical and also Midwifery.
There are also add-on courses on various field like Anesthesia , Perfusion technology, Dialysis and Respiratory therapy.
There are many opportunities for nurses abroad. Nurses are well paid. And it is the only profession which is recession free.
But for applying you should follow necessary criteria, for Gulf countries the minimum required varies from 3 - 5 years. And it is necessary to pass exams like HAAD, Prometry and MOH.
For European countries its important to pass IELTS OR TOEFL which ever the organisation demands.
There are adaptation course for nurses. The other gateway for foreign entry is through doing higher studies . Even though it is expensive it could help you to achieve a Permanent Residence there.
There are many colleges in Bangalore where entrance is not necessary. But if you are looking for Government fees, then you should definetly required to attend the common entrance exam conducted by the appropriate Government.