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What is a glaucoma and how can it be prevented?

Date: 23 Mar 2016    Group: Doctors    Category: Ophthalmologist   

Generally it is seen that many people suffer from the eye disease glaucoma. What is a glaucoma? What precautions can be taken to prevent its onset? How it is treated? Is it possible to treat it through medications only without undergoing surgical operations?
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Author: Adarsh kumar    30 Mar 2016      Member Level: Silver     Points : 4  (Rs 4)    Voting Score: 0

Glaucoma is a rare condition of the eye where the optic nerve gets damaged and gets worse with time. It is because of pressure buildup inside the eye. This pressure buildup is because of the eye fluid not circulating properly. Usually the aqueous humour of the eye flows out through a tube in order to maintain pressure and if this tube gets blocked it results to buildup of pressure.
It is most commonly found in old people. It is an inherited condition.

The increased pressure damages the optic nerve which transmits images to the brain. Hence it affects the optic vision of the eye and if left untreated it may lead to blindness.
It does not have any particular symptoms but can be detected with a proper eye checkup. People with type- 2 diabetes are more prone to this and hence regular eye check up is required after the age of 40.

There are no precautions for Glaucoma and can be treated surgically only. If detected early it can be treated using eye drops and pills.

Hope you got all your answers.

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