Monitoring the blood sugar can also be done at home by using the glucose meter such "Accu-check device" available in most of pharmacy. Usually i check in the early mornings before the breakfast(i.e.., during the fasting). Then after two and half hours after i take the breakfast. Some times if the person has diabetic every 2 or 3 weeks its also better to check at the labs too.
Usage of device,everything is given along with the device. There will be pin to prick in the finger. Have some cotton ready, after pricking with the pin, wipe off the first drop of blood, then there will be a strip given to take the blood sample.Insert the strip in the machine there will be initial reading,then take the blood sample in the strip wait for few seconds, after it will display the blood sugar level. If this is a Type 1 diabetes.
Keep the sugar level records in writing with dates,time and also before or after consuming the breakfast. Usually early mornings gives the best results. Alway consult a diabetic doctor for best advices. Doctors give much advice about the exercises also for diabetic patient.
For HbA1C its always advisable to go the laboratory or near by clinic. Its one of way to check the diabetes is under control.This is different from the Glucose level in the blood.