Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) is an attached office of the Ministry of Civil Aviation, Government of India. It is the regulatory body in the field of civil aviation dealing with the safety issues. Rule 38 of Aircraft Rules 1937, authorizes the DGCA to grant, renew or vary the Flight Crew Licenses in various categories viz. Student Pilot Licence (SPL), Private Pilot Licence (PPL), Glider Pilot Licence (GPL), Commercial Pilot Licence (CPL), Airline Transport Pilot Licence (ATPL) etc. DGCA issues flight crew licenses including that of a pilot to sucessful candidates after conducting an examination. Basically there is nothing like a degree, diploma or certificate course in pilot training. Various institutes only prepare the sudents in clearing the examination conducted by DGCA. The licenses issued by the foregn authorities to the students who study abroad can also be converted into Indian license by passing the concerned examination.
The full particulars of examination, online application process, eligibility requirements and other details are given on the website of the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) - http://dgca.nic.in/. The author may visit the same for knowing further details.