Siddha medicine is a branch of medication system. It has its origines in the ancient Tamil region.
The name Siddha Medicine has been derived from the Siddhas who were believed to be the founders of this system. They were belived to be possessing the Ashta Siddhis - the eight spiritual achievements. Rishi Agastya has been said to be the guru of these Siddhas.
The basic principles of Siddha medicine are almost akin to Ayurveda. The major difference is that Siddha style associated Vata to childhood, Pittha to adulthood and Kapha to old age, while Ayurvdic association is Kapha to childhood, Pittha to adulthood and Vata to old age.
Another difference between Siddha and Ayurveda is elements that the medicine systems believe in. Ayurveda focusses on the five elements or Pancha mMahabhootas viz earth, water, fire, air and ether. It is believed that these control and affect blood, chyle, flesh, fast, bone marrow and semen respectively. Siddha style believes in seven elements - saram (plasma) , cheneer (blood) , ooun (muscle), kollzuppu (fatty tissue) , enbu (bone) , moolai (nerve) and sukila (semen) which are believed to be responsible for growth, muscles, body shape, maintenance of joints, body posture, strength and reproduction respectively.
Siddha medicine has its origins in South India, especially in Tamil Nadu. All the texts and information is available predominatly in Tamil. On the other hand, Ayurveda is based in Northern India. It has Aryan influence in it. It is based widely on the Vedic style and beliefs. Ayurveda borrows heavily from the four Vedas.
Though both Ayurveda and Siddha systems use herbs for the treatment, the ailments for which each of them are used differs extensively.
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