Potassium and sodium are essential for our body in the role of electrolytes. They are essential for muscle and bone functions. They are also needed for digestive functions Potassium also helps to keep control of water in our body and also to maintain the pH level. . However excess or deficiency can cause some imbalance in the body.
We lose electrolytes in sweating.
As higher sodium level has adverse effects on blood pressure, sodium can be regulated and some of it can be compensated by additional potassium intake. Potassium deficiency affects heartbeat and even glucose tolerance.
Sodium is needed 200mg min a day and should be restricted to maximum 1500 mg in all . Potassium lower levels are prescribed at 4.4g for a normal healthy person and can be reduced for people having kidney problems. As changes in sodium and potassium can affect heart beat, blood pressure and glucose tolerance also especially old people are more sensitive to such change, sodium-potassium balance is essential to be maintained.
It is suggested for people not to resort to self treatment, but follow a balanced nutritious diet with reduction and regulating salt intake and include foods like fruits and vegetables, potatoes , citrus fruits, banana ,avocadoes, spinach, sardines, apricots etc, if there no specific health . In case of any health issues they should consult qualified doctors.