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  • Category: Science

    Describe features of adolescence

    Describe in the features of adolescence

    Many descriptions are available on the internet about the exact definition of adolescence. Can you provide the exact features of adolescence.
    Awaiting advice.
  • #137598
    It is not clear what you really need. Is it for a general knowledge or for some specific detail? By saying infancy nature do you mean some technical term or just a baby.
    What I give below is a general answer for common purposes.
    In olden days children who have attained puberty and physical maturity were considered adults. However the modern social concepts give a longer period between childhood and adulthood, called adoloscence. So adolescence is actually a socially originated concept. It is a socially considered transit period. As such there is no exact boundary at the lower level. It can be anywhere from 10 onwards though as a norm it is taken as from 12 to 18 years which is also known as entering into teen ages.
    The word adolescence originates from the Latin root word ' adolescere' which means 'to grow up'. So adolescence is a stage of growing up from child stage to adults. It is a period of fast growth in body and mind of the child, from the onset of puberty to adulthood. The psychological changes added with the physical changes make it not to accept it as inferior to adults.
    There are specific scientific literature on the physical changes. The psychological changes mainly manifest as questioning, refusal to accept the stereotype justifications and reasoning by adults and trying to assert individual rights. It is a passing stage and stops when the adulthood is reached.

  • #137684
    Adolescence is the period of life when a child develops into an adult.
    It may be the state or process of growing up or the period of life from puberty to maturity terminating legally at the age of majority
    It is a stage of development of a language or culture which is required prior to maturity

  • #143580
    Adolescence is the time period between childhood and adulthood. According to WHO (World Health organization) adolescents are people within the age group of 10-19 years. During this period, the body undergoes several physical changes as well as reproductive maturity. Psychological changes also take place in an individual. The period of adolescence differs from person to person.

    Physical changes: -Physical changes take place differently in boys and girls. They are described below: -

    Girls: -
    1. Gain in height of about 9-10 cms between the age of 11-14 years.
    2. More fatty and subcutaneous tissue develops which gives rise to rounded contours.
    3. The shoulders remain slender while hips become broader and rounded.
    4. Hair growth takes place in the arm-pits and pubic area.
    5. The voice becomes more shrill and adult like. There is no bulging out of Adam's apple.
    6. Onset of menarche ( first menstrual cycle) takes place. First few cycles may be irregular and sometimes can even cause pain.

    Boys: -
    1. Gain in height of about 20-22 cms in between the age of 13-15 years.
    2. Develop a lot of muscles which enables them to be involved in a lot of physical activities.
    3. Shoulders become broader and stronger while their hips remain slender.
    4. Body hair becomes darker and curlier. Hair growth takes place in the armpits and pubic area. Facial hair also starts to appear.
    5. The voice breaks and becomes adult like. This happens because the enlargement of larynx and lengthening of vocal cord. Adam's apple also becomes prominent.

    Psychological Changes: -At the onset of adoloscence, Adolescents become moody and irritable. They have no control over their emotions. They laugh and cry over small things. Their feelings get hurt very easily. These mood swings are because, they are confused and don't understand the changes that are going on inside their body. They start valuing their friendships more and start detaching from their parents. They feel like their parents don't understand them. They start worrying about their physical appearance and the urge to converse with the opposite sex increases; sexual curiosity increases. They may get engaged in risky behaviours like drinking and smoking.

    As the time passes, the hormonal activity inside them settles down; they start understanding things and become less vulnerable.

    Don't sweat the small stuff and it's all small stuff.

  • #144668
    Adolescence is referred to as a period when both men and women start developing external sexual features and this is also called puberty. This generally occurs when a child reaches 11 years age.
    Some of the basic changes that happen in men are the voice breaks, gain in hair, beard grows comes, broader muscles and gain in weight.

    Women start with their menstrual cycles that occur every 28 days. Some other characteristics such as breasts starts to develop, fat on hips, hair at different places of body including arm pit and pubic region.

    For both men and women the onset of puberty may change their sexual behavior also. Some also develop pimples on the face as there are hormonal changes that are taking place. There may be mood swings in women and the parents should understand the children at this stage.

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