The Articles 14 to 18 of the Constitution of India , state and elaborate the Right to Equality to its citizens in India.
The Article 14 talks about (i) equality before the law and (ii) equal protection of the law. The 'equality before the law' has three exceptional provisions in respect to the President of India or the Governor of a State. The 'equal protection of the laws' implies that none should be favored and none should be discriminated, against.
The article 15 states that the state shall not discriminate against any citizen on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them. It implies that access to shops, public restaurants, hotels or places of public entertainment or the use of wells, tanks, bathing ghats, roads and places of public resorts maintained wholly or partly out of state funds etc. will not be denied to any citizen of India on the ground of his religion, race , caste etc.
The Article 16 guarantees equality of opportunity in matters of public employment. It implies that all citizens will have equality of opportunity in matters relating to employment and there will be no discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, descent, and place of birth or any of them in matters of public employment.
The article 17 of the constitution states that untouchability is abolished and its practice in any form is forbidden.
The article 18 forbid titles except military or academic distinctions. However, honors Bharat Ratna or Padma Shri conferred by the government of India etc. are not treated as titles but only as a recognition of meritorious services. Titles such as knighthood conferred in the past by the British Governments etc. is, however, forbidden now.
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