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  • Category: Central Government

    What are the fundamental right of citizens of India as per constitution of India?

    Let us have a recap of what we have studied about Fundamental Rights through our experts here.

    According to the Constitution of India, there are certain rights for Indian citizens. I want to know these laws/rights in detail, how they are applicable and what are the benefits of these rights for a citizen of India. Please explain in detail about the fundamental rights as per the constitution of India.
  • #137701
    Seven fundamental rights of the citizens of India are recognised in the Constitution of India which are - the right to equality, the right to freedom, right against exploitation, right to freedom of religion, cultural and educational rights, right to constitutional remedies and right to education.

    Right to equality, in a nutshell, means equality before the law, social equality and equal access to public areas, equality in matters of public employment, an abolition of untouchability etc.

    Similarly, the right to freedom bestows upon the citizens of India freedom of speech and expression, freedom to move, reside or settle freely throughout the India, freedom to assemble peacefully and form associations/unions etc. and freedom to practice any profession or to carry on any occupation.

    The Indian constitution guarantees the right to life to its citizens which includes protection of life and personal liberty, right to defend himself / herself by a lawyer when arrested for an offence, no one can be awarded punishment which is more than what the law of the land prescribes at that time etc.

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  • #137709
    A government prescribes various duties and limitations or restrictions to the people under that government. The people ar to obey the rules and abide them. The State its enormous powers and might will be able to arbitrarily to curtail, restrict or withdraw any kind of natural freedom of its citizens.However a human beings have their natural rights which are essential for individual and development of society, there is a gurantee given by Indian Constitution that the government will not arbitrally take away or restrict certain human rights. These rights are very basic and essential in all normal times for smooth human life and progress. Hence they are called Fundamental Rights.

    In the Indian Constitution the fundamental rights are mainly dealt with in Part III under Articles 12 to 35. The Fundamental rights guaranteed by constitution are categorised under six major heads and subdivided for more clarity.
    The main broad category of fundamental rights are:1. Right to Equality, 2. Right to Freedom, 3.Right against Exploitataion, 4. Right to Freedom of Religion, 5.Cultural and Educational Rights, 6. Right to constitutional remedies.
    Right to Equality:
    Equality before Law
    Non-discrimination on the basis of gender,religion,caste race.
    Equality of opportunities in public employment
    Abolition of untouchability.No discrimination by practicing untouchability and untouchability abolished and made an offence.
    Abolition of titles. No conferring of titles by the state. titles. (Bharat Ratna, Padma awards, are not titles or this purpose).
    Right to Freedom:
    Right to freedom of speech and expression, freedom to assemble peacefully and without arms, freedom to move within territory of India. India, freedom to reside anywhere in India,freedom to practice any business, trade or profession. Right of freedom to life and person,Art.21A gives right to education for children 6 to 14 years, protection against arbitray arrest and detention.
    Right against exploitation: Prohibition of child labour, prohibiting trafficking in human beings all come under this.
    Rights to Freedom of religion. Rights to practice and propagate religion, and to manage religious affair.
    Cultutal and educational rights: This guarantees rights to minorities to protect their culture and to establish and manage educational
    Rights to constitutional remedies: to protect one's right by due judicial process as guaranteed in the constitution. This comes when any rights are curtailed arbitrarily by the state(government).

  • #137780
    The Fundamental rights as mentioned by the constitution of India include -

    1. Right to equality - All the citizens are equal before law and the order. No discrimination is allowed on the basis of gender, caste, race, place of birth or any other basis. All are equal for employment, abolition of untouchability and abolition of titles.

    2. Right to freedom - It includes freedom of speech, association and assembly.

    3. Right to freedom of religion - The citizen is allowed to practice any religion of his or her choice. That would involve the freedom from religious instructions from institutions.

    4. Right to education - This has been added as the latest right. Every individual of the country should have the right to get educated.

    5. Cultural and educational rights - Every individual is allowed to preserve and take measures to conserve the culture of his or her preference. This right allows the communities to establish educational institutes to preserve their culture.

    6. Right against exploitation - This right protects the society against the social evils like bonded labour, child labour and human trafficking.

    7. Right to constitutional remedies - This is the right that allows you to approach the courts - even the Supreme Court of India - to seek remedies for the infringement of their rights.

    Live....and Let Live...!

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