The following are some general tips regarding the meal plan of diabetic persons -
1. Reduce the intake of salt. Vegetables provide enough salt to the body.
2. Sugar provides nothing but calories and carbohydrates. Direct sugar intake should be totally stopped. If absolutely required then instead of sugar, natural products like honey or jaggery (gur) etc. may be taken.
3. Exclude fried items from the diet to avoid excessive fat intake.
4. The non-vegetarians should stop the intake of red meat completely. Also, the consumption of eggs and poultry should be reduced. Lean fish can be eaten two to three times a week.
5. Switch to low-fat milk and its products like yogurt (curd).
6. Avoid taking more than two cups of the conventional tea or decaffeinated coffee in a day.
7. White flour and its products may be replaced with whole grains, whole wheat or soya bread and unpolished rice.
8. Avoid white rice, potatoes, carrots, breads and banana which spike the blood sugar levels.
Increase intake of -
1. Bitter gourd (karela), which contains a high dosage of 'plant insulin'. It may be taken in the form of vegetable, salad, juice or powdered seeds of karela.
2. Soak a teaspoonful fenugreek seeds overnight and take with a glass of water daily. It can be taken as chutney, in the sprouted form or dried and powdered or may be mixed in wheat flour to make chapattis.
The other recommended food items are Indian blackberry (jamun), garlic, onion, flaxseed, cinnamon solution and the food items containing soluble fibre e.g. apples, kidney beans, oatmeal, soybean, etc,
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