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What is the difference between Angioplasty and Bypass surgery

Date: 31 Aug 2016    Group: Doctors    Category: Cardiology   

Angioplasty and heart By-pass surgery are two basic terms we are used to hear when we discuss heart related problems. Doctors or cardiologists usually ask for Angioplasty or Heart By pass surgery when a patient faces heart attack.
I would like to know the differences between both the surgeries or are they exactly same? If same, then what is the need of using 2 totally different terms for same thing.
Experts: request to explain the same.

Interested in knowing the difference between angioplasty and bypass surgery? Find suggestions from experts on this page.

Author: Kailash Kumar    01 Sep 2016      Member Level: Platinum     Points : 3  (Rs 3)    Voting Score: 0

Angioplasty or bypass surgery procedures are adopted when the arteries are partially or fully blocked.

Angioplasty is a nonsurgical procedure in which a tiny deflated balloon attached to the end of a catheter tube is inserted into the artery up to the problem spot and gently inflated for a few minutes and then deflated and removed. In case so required, a stent, which is a tiny metallic cage is put at the problem spot to keep the artery open.

The coronary artery bypass grafting, on the other hand, is a surgical procedure in which a piece of vein taken from the leg or chest of the patient is sewn to the artery before and after the blockage or problem spot to bypass the flow of blood. Nowadays, minimally invasive techniques are available and the surgeons use robotic arms to perform the procedure allowing the heart to continue beating.

Author: NK SHARMA    02 Sep 2016      Member Level: Gold     Points : 3  (Rs 3)    Voting Score: 0

When arteries are partially or fully blocked, there are two options. The first is angioplasty. Angioplasty is a procedure where a tiny deflated balloon is inserted into the problem spot of the artery on the end of a catheter tube. When it reaches the blocked spot, the balloon is gently inflated for a few minutes, then deflated and removed. This compresses the plaque and opens the artery for better flow of blood. A stent is put in place to keep the internal walls of artery open. this procedure is cheap and easy.No surgery is required, only 5-6 mm hole is made on the hand to reach the artery

In bypass surgery chest is opened by cutting the centre bone of chest to reach upto artery and heart. blockage is spoted. A vein from the leg or chest is taken and made a separate loop to bypass the blocked the artery,this provision allow the blood to flow around the plaque.

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