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What are the main ingredients of a resume or CV?

Date: 11 Sep 2016   Posted By: Naresh Kumar Behera     Group: Education    Category: India Educational Consultants   

While writing a curriculum vitae or resume we must mention certain things like personal information, parental details, educational details, experience, etc. Apart from theses is there anything which must be mentioned in a CV or resume so that the candidate will make impression to the HR or interviewer. I need adequate and accurate answers from the experts.
Experts: do respond.

Wondering about the main elements of a resume or CV? Find inputs from experts on this page.

Author: Kailash Kumar    12 Sep 2016      Member Level: Platinum     Points : 4  (Rs 4)    Voting Score: 0

There are few differences in a Curriculum Vitae (CV) and Resume. A CV is a longer document often spread over two or more pages and is a detailed document covering education as well as any other accomplishments like publications, awards, honors etc. A CV is generally a static document, listing the whole career of the individual in chronological order. A resume, on the other hand, is a concise document, generally limited to one-page length in the form of a targeted list of skills and achievements. It is highly flexible and has no particular format rule. In the US and Canada, a resume is used whereas in the Europe, CV format is more popular.

Apart from the contents, presentation of CV or resume is perhaps more important. There should not be any spelling or grammar glitches. decoration with floral borders and it should not be too long to read. It may be noted that in most of the cases, too many applications are received and the recruiters hardly have a few seconds to devote in going through each document. Contrary to the popular belief, nobody reads the resume very seriously perhaps except the candidate himself/herself.

In my opinion, the applicant should visualize from the recruiter's point of view and highlight in the resume such information which is of some use to the recruiters. Thus the resume should be custom made with due diligence documenting the actual achievements of the candidate, which is relevant from the point of view of the recruiter.

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Author: Seema Shah    12 Sep 2016      Member Level: Gold     Points : 5  (Rs 5)    Voting Score: 2

In Indian recruitment cycle both terms : resume and CV are commonly used.

Let us first understand the need for having a resume/CV. It provides a brief academic, professional and personal summary of the candidate which is very well used by recruiters for short listing. In the later phases of recruitment it provides a guideline to the recruiting panel to ask relevant questions, understand the skill set of the candidate and whether the candidate will fit into the organisational culture.

The resume /CV needs to be well drafted and formatted, should replicate you on paper, have no typo or grammar errors, and needs to be concise. At the max go to 2 pages. A single glance on the document should be enough to encourage the panel to find you interesting and different and call you.

The main ingredients of a CV / resume are: (these are not listed in any specific order):
1. Personal information: name, date of birth, address, phone and mail contact, languages known to speak, read, write.
2. Qualifications: in reverse chronological order mentioning the date of passing, rank/ %, University/ Board.
3. Skills: list skills (relevant to where you are applying), Any Courses attended,
4. Work experience: mention industry details, role, period of work, Include internship if any
5. Achievements: any awards/ prizes/ special certificates etc. Include publications/ articles/ blogs published by other sites etc. if any
6. Hobbies : write relevant ones only. Ex: social media is not a hobby.
7. SOP: mention the purpose of the application. This is optional.
8. Strengths/ weakness: optional but is preferred for higher roles.

To answer your specific question regarding what specific items to as in resume/CV to make an impression on HR:
According to me( having conducted interviews for may be about twenty years by now) your resume/CV needs to be unique and should differentiate you from the crowd who is also applying. It would be good to highlight a few skills, strengths and achievements which may be missing in others. If these are nearly same for all, then focus on the presentation.
Use very good quality paper for printing the document, use a color print, present it in a nice professional folder. Carry several copies for the panel. Introduce name / date in footer.
Presentation of a document sure catches the eyes of the recruiter.

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Author: Mahesh    13 Sep 2016      Member Level: Gold     Points : 2  (Rs 2)    Voting Score: 0

CV or resume should be making the items focused to your skills and the experience. The sole purpose of the resume is to show the interviewer that you have specific experience and the skill that makes you eligible. Most of the companies focus more on checking if the person employed is suitable for their work culture. And this is one reason they also pay attention to person's interest and social inclination. This is something they try to find based on the team members in his projects and other activities.

If you are giving interview in IT domain (to which I am personally familiar with) then you should focus on the strengths, skills, experience, social interests, accomplishments and other things that shows more of your persona. These days the recruiters are going to be paying attention towards.

So if you're in IT domain then focus on the following. -

1. Projects
2. Awards and the accomplishments.
3. Team size and your role.
4. Skills related to the job
5. Social involvement

Apart from this resume has to be presented with very formal language. You can't have casual elements here. As that turns off many people from even considering you as a candidate for the job.

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Author: Partha Kansabanik    14 Sep 2016      Member Level: Diamond     Points : 1  (Rs 1)    Voting Score: 0

The earlier three answers have explained the position in great details. I would now present the reply from my own perspective. I think the followings are important (in the given order) in a ideal CV or resume:-

(a) Experience in details
(b) Projects handled (in details)
(c) Academic qualification (the latest one should be indicated first)
(d) Training undergone
(e) Areas of strength
(f) Weakness
(g) Objectives
(h) Reference (the names should be chosen with great care)
(i) Details for communication purpose
(j) Hobby

In a nutshell, the CV or Resume should provide all necessary information and at the same time it should be prepared in such a manner so that it attracts attention at the first glance itself. If necessary, the services of professionals should be obtained to prepare the CV.

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