There is no such fever known as dengi fever. Dengue fever exists world wide. May be it is the pronunciation. Some people may call dengue as dengi and you may have thought it to be something different. Dengue is an infection which is caused by mosquito. It causes illness similar to that of flu.
- Dengue is a much serious infection when compared to chikungunya. This is because death rate in chikungunya is less than 1 in 1,000. Patient suffering from chikungunya infection sees improvement in their health within 3 days to a week.
- Swine flu is somewhat serious infection and particularly hazardous to elderly individuals, health compromised patients, pregnant ladies in whom it can cause serious complications in their body like complications during pregnancy, chest complications like development of pneumonia and bronchitis. Other complications which are seen are encephalitis, meningitis, sinusitis, tonsillitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, hyperglycemia, diabetic ketoacidosis etc..... Vaccines are available. They need to be taken annually.
-Dengue is very serious infection and almost 2.5 billion people world wide are at its risk. It has reached more than 100 countries. It can be fatal and is popularly known by the name 'break bone fever'. Fever will make an individual feel as if all his bones are broken.
- Dengue is much more serious when compared to chikungunya or swine flu. This is because it has reached more than 100 countries and has severe symptoms unlike chikungunya. Also, no vaccines are available to prevent it unlike swine flu. Also there is complication of development of serious dengue haemorrhagic fever which can be fatal.
Prevention of chikungunya and dengue:-
1) No vaccines are available which can help to prevent chikungunya as well as dengue. Also, no medicines as such are available which can treat the infections. Only supportive treatment can be done like giving paracetamol and NSAID'S to decrease swelling, reduce pain in joints and bring the temperature down.
2) Care should be taken to prevent the mosquito bite so that infection does not enter in the body. Steps should be taken to prevent mosquito bites which will help in keeping chikungunya and dengue infection at bay.
3) Do not promote stagnant water inside or outside house. If you do so then you are promoting breeding of chikungunya and dengue mosquito carriers. Always keep your house as well as surroundings clean. If somehow you are not able to do anything about stagnant water nearby your living premises then at least you make sure that you spray mosquito repellents over it.
4) Roof gutters should be unclogged to prevent breeding of larvae of mosquitoes in it. Old tires should be thrown away along with all those containers which are unused like flower pots where water can stand for days. Clean pools regularly. If there are any birdbaths then change water regularly.
5) Cover your body completely so that mosquito cannot bite you by wearing long sleeves t-shirts, caps, long pants, jackets, socks especially while going outdoors and do not forget to apply mosquito repellent cream on exposed areas of your body. Do not forget to tuck in your pants into socks for additional safety. Hat should be full-brimmed.
6) Secure windows and doors of your house with screens which will prevent mosquitoes from entering inside house as well as cultivate the habit of sleeping in mosquito net which will ensure that while sleeping you are risk free from mosquito bite.
7) There are various mosquito repellents available in market. Buy the right ones and use them carefully. They are available in the form of liquids, sprays, mats, coils and creams that can be applied on skin.
8) Wear light colored clothes as mosquitoes seem to be attracted towards dark colors.
Prevention of swine flu:-
1) Swine flu spreads from one human to another when they sneeze or cough and thus infection control should be practiced and for this proper washing of hands is recommended with antibiotic liquid or soap and water. Even alcohol based sanitizers can be used if an individual has to remain for too long in public place where the risk of swine flu is much high.
2) Do not touch your eyes, nose or mouth in public place as infection spreads in this way. Always use a disposable napkin treated with antibiotics, if you feel like wiping your nose or mouth.
3) Even household items need to be disinfected along with surfaces especially if someone in the house is suffering from it and this can be done by chlorine bleach solution after dilution. Even door knobs, chairs and all those surfaces touched or used by infected person demands a need for disinfection.
4) It is always advised to cover nose and mouth while sneezing. This will prevent the spread of infection as well as napkins and used tissues should be dumped into dustbin properly.
Social distancing when area in which one lives is declared at high risk will do good. Avoid large gatherings and public places. Infected person should especially avoid gatherings and maintain little distance so that infection does not spread from him towards others.
5) H1N1 is the virus responsible for causing swine flu and luckily vaccines are available which greatly reduce the risk of been infected from it. September to November are the best months to take vaccines because virus of spine flu changes every year in winters. These vaccines should be taken yearly. Children below 2 years are given nasal sprays every year and others are given annual injections.