Polyps are abnormal tissue growths which often look like small, flat bumps or tiny mushroom-like stalks. Most polyps are small and less than half an inch wide.
For uterine polyps, the doctor may recommend:
Watchful waiting: Small polyps without symptoms may resolve on their own. Treatment of small polyps is unnecessary unless one is at risk of uterine cancer.
Medication: Certain hormonal medications, including progestin's and gonadotropin- releasing hormone agonists, may lessen symptoms of the polyp. But, taking such medications is a short-term solution at best – symptoms recur once you stop taking the medicine.
Surgical removal: During hysterectomy, instruments inserted through hyteroscope make it possible to remove polyps. Removed polyp will likely be sent to a lab for microscopic examination.
If a uterine polyp contains cancerous cells, one's doctor will talk to her about next steps in evaluation and treatment.