Agriculture is a practice of farming,cultivating of soil for the growth of different crops,and also rearing of animals. The word Agriculture aroused from Latin word, ager means field and cultura means growing. Generally ,it was referred as certain human activities.
Different types of agriculture:
1.Shifting Cultivation: A small area of forest is being cleared and the areas is burned ,then this land is uded for growing different varities of crops.As years passes,this land becomes less fertile and unfit for further cultivation.Then the land is considered to be abandoned.Again,the process of land selection is done and burned and it continues. This approach is practiced in Northeast India.
2. Subsistence Farming : This farming is practiced just to satisfy the family needs alone.The farmers cultivate crops or with whatever leftover with them and then move to some other place and practice the same for their needs alone.Its generally seen in Monsoon Asia and South East Asia.
3.Intensive Farming: This farming is practiced mainly in highly developed countries,as it is mainly focused on those crops cultivation that are tend for selling .Here the main profit of farmer is to make higher profit ,with the use of higher inputs.
Advantages of Shifting Cultivation:
1.Helps used land to gain the lost nutrients during cultivation.
2.The Land can be easily recycled,as it received nutrients or seeds from the nearest vegetation.
3.It is Organic in nature.
4.Soil bone diseases also reduces through sifting mode of farming.
5. Environmental degradation gets reduced.
Disadvantages of Shifting Cultivation
1.Slash and burn of land which turns to soil infertility.
2.Destruction of large areas of land and areas of forest leading to deforestation.
3.Causes Soil Erosion and desertification.
4.Water Sheds will be destroyed.
5.It is an uneconomical way of farming.
6.Leads to Loss of Biodiversity.
7.Air and Water Pollution arouses.
Plantation Agriculture is the one form of agriculture,where crops are cultivated for profit.This type of agriculture uses large areas of Land and requires very high annual temperature also with high rainfall.
Fibre crops and their climatic conditions
Cotton: Indian Origin.
Condition for Growth
Temperature: 22 to 40 degree Celsius
Rainfall: Annual of 60-100cm
Jute: It is a shiny fibre and grows in alluvial soils of delta regions
Temperature: 22 to 27 degree celsius
Rainfall :150 cm