Some of the benefits given to SCs and STs in India are as under:-
(a) Reservation in appointment in Government jobs. (except in military and judiciary)
(b) Reservation in promotion in Government jobs except in military and judiciary)
(c) Various welfare schemes relating to food security, housing.
(d) Reservation in Government educational institutions for study.
(e) Fee waiver in Government held examinations (both in competitive examinations for recruitment and in competitive examinations for admission in educational institutions).
(f) Age relaxation in appointment and education.
(g) Free coaching for various Civil Services examinations.
(h) Various welfare schemes for benefit of SCs/Sts.
(i) Making untouchability a criminal offence (Although this is not a special benefit)
(j) Creation of special statutory bodies, i.e., National commission and State Commissions who look into the complaints of discrimination against SCs and STs.
The details of benefits given to SCs and STs can be checked at the website of Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.
The benefits given to the SCs and STs emanate from the Preamble of the Constitution of India.
Caution: Explosive. Handle with care.