As you have already done your study on the problem. Its time to look out for the solution.
There are two ways to run linux on/with your native windows.
1. Dual Boot
2. Running Linux using VmWare or Virtual Box.
Solution 1 is little complicated for which it asks for the advance knowledge on memory and partitions.
Where as in Solution 2 you need not to be very advance to understand the how partition's works.
Solution 2 is easy to start with, and software required for it is also free in the market.
VM stands for the Virtual Machine. Virtual Machine can run on your Linux as well as on Windows.
VM facilitates you to use as many as OS on your native OS depending on your system configuration.
So you can run Windows and Linux BOTH AT SAME TIME as you needed.
Download virtual box 5.1.22 is available recently on the internet.
Also you will need image for Linux14.04 .
Step to Install Linux on Virtual Machine (VM) :
1. Click on Oracle VM VirtualBox
2. Go to New
3. A widow will pop up with tittle Create Virtual Machine. Enter the Name , Type (linux) and version.
4. Then press Next, give memory size as 1024MB(you can give more as per your system configuration- this is RAM).
5. Then click next.
6. Hard Disk section will come, there select Create a virtual hard disk now.
7. Click on Create.
8. In Hard Disk File Type , select VDI (VirtualBox Disk Image).
9. Then next, and select Fixed Size in Storage on physical hard disk section.
10. Go to Next
11. In File Location and size click on folder icon.
12. Give name and the path for creation of VDI. Along with the size. (Virtual Hard disk)
13. By default will be "C:\Users\\VirtualBox VMs\" . Better not to keep it in C Drive.
14. Press create on the same page.
15. Now Virtual Hard Disk will get created in some time.
16. Select the name of machine you created. Will be visible in Oracle VM VirtualBox
17. Select it and click on start.
18. In next window, you have to give the path of the Linux Image.
19. Follow the instruction and your Linux is ready to run.
This way you can run windows and Linux both at same point of time.