Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder. It is characterized by uncontrollable, unwanted thoughts and repetitive, ritualized behaviours. you feel forced to do the things.
OCD causes the brain to get stuck on a particular thought. For example, you may check the locked door 20 times to make sure it's really locked or you observe 20times whether your wardrobe is locked or not.
The treatment for OCD is cognitive-behavioural therapy. Cognitive-behavioral therapy for obsessive-compulsive disorder will have two components: 1) exposure and response prevention, and 2) cognitive therapy.
Exposure and response prevention for OCD
It involves repeated exposure to the source of your obsession. After that, you are asked to refrain from the compulsive behaviour. For example, if you are a compulsive hand washer, you might be asked to touch the door handle of a restroom and then you are not allowed to wash your hands. As you wait for some time without washing, the thought of ]washing your hands will gradually go down.
The cognitive therapy component concentrates on the catastrophic thoughts and exaggerated sense of responsibility. A big part of cognitive therapy for OCD is teaching you healthy and effective ways of responding to obsessive thoughts.
In addition to cognitive behavioural therapy, the following treatments are given for this problem.
Antidepressants are sometimes used in conjunction with therapy. However, medication alone is not very effective.