The exam for which you need to appear and pass to become a clerk in a bank is Institute of Banking Personel Selection (IBPS) exam. It contains two papers i.e, prelims and mains.
The preliminary exam is an objective type of (multiple choice) which consists of 100 questions which carry one mark each. The time allotted is one hour and there will 1/4 negative marking for each wrong answer. There will be a cut off mark with which your result will be announced online. Once you have cleared the prelim exam then you need to write the main exam.
The main exam consists of 190 questions with multiple choice of answers. The syllabus for the main exam generally includes quantitative aptitude, general knowledge, reasoning, English language, and arithmetic. The time allotted here is 160 minutes. Each section has a set of allotted questions and a candidate has to pass in all sections for further selection. Here also there is negative marking, 1/4 mark per the wrong answer.
Once you have cleared the mains, you will be called upon for final document verification. You need to carry all the original documents for verification which includes all your educational certificates, application forms, caste/income certificate, physical disability certificate (if applicable) and NOC forms if applicable. After all the documents are verified you will be called by any government bank for the recruitment.
Private banks have their own recruitment process. You need to follow their respective websites for careers link.
The basic eligibility criteria for approaching IBPS is any graduate degree with minimum 55% marks. There are many coaching centers which provide study material and coaching for IBPS exams. You can Google search in your local area or try yellow pages.
Dr. V. Shashikanth