It is possible but the implications of use and more importantly misuse is enormous.Imagine having a battery that never runs out for years without needing to recharge, that is possible.
1.In simple terms, we have matter (neutrons, electrons etc) and now we can potentially produce anti-matter. When matter meets anti-matter, tremendous energy is produced, if this energy is channelized properly we will many applications hence many electronic devices become obsolete and waste generated would be significantly reduced.
But it is a logistical mountain of a task to produce it and store it. It is estimated that cost around 25 billion US dollars to produce ONE gram of antimatter.
2.The other way to look at this is to see the major components in an electronic device. It would be plastic, synthetic, metal and rare elements. If we find a way to use organic materials in place of conductors, semiconductors, etc then use it. This is already being done partly in healthcare sector wherein paper, silk and gelatin (the outer cover of our regular medicine capsules) are used for diagnostic and therapeutic delivery systems.
3.Nanotechnology can be used to reduce electronic waste and also hasten the biodegradability of other conventional components of electronic devices. We all have heard of blood vessels to the heart that are blocked for which a stent is inserted by doctors. Now we have micro-robots that in simple terms are micro-swimmers who swim via the blood vessel and make multiple holes in the block so that blood can pass across the block. There are innovative technologies that would take the huge amount of resources to be able to apply on the large-scale commercial basis.
So, yes, it is possible, when it comes from the lab to the real world, it would revolutionise the way we work and live.