A. I want to know about eye transplant. How it is done and from where the doctor gets eye for transplanting in the patient.
After human blood transfusion, eye transplant is the next simplest form in which one human being in life and after death can support other human's failing organs.
Eye transplant is the common man's term for the corneal transplant. This has been done for many years. Today we have the recent success in animal models about the concept known as WET 'WHOLE EYE TRANSPLANT'.
B. Can it be done in the patients of all ages especially those above 75 years of age or it is restricted to the young people only?
1.Corneal transplant. nearly 40% of the blind in India are due to corneal disease. In such people a simple corneal transplant would restore their eyesight. Here the transparent central disc in front the black/brown part of the eye is removed and transplanted on to a person who has blindness due to an opaque cornea. The young often get a corneal transplant for keratoconus.
2.WET- the concept of whole eye transplant is still experimental but an exciting future option for people with irreversible vision loss.
C.Please give the name of some top hospitals in India where it is carried out. What will be the cost of such surgery in a good hospital?
Anyone can be an eye donor, age is not a restriction, people who have diabetes, previous cataract surgery, hypertension or even retinal disease can donate their eyes after death. The final decision about what to use will be done by the Ophthalmic surgeons. The donation of eyes is refused if there has been an infection including AIDS, obvious eye infection.
Once the Eye bank gets the message and the deceased person satisfies the organ harvesting criteria, the entire eye is removed so that the transplanting team can then use the cornea and the surrounding slcera (white part) to fix it in a recipient.
A corneal transplant can be availed by people who have vision disturbances wherein the full thickness cornea or part of the cornea is grafted with the donor cornea.
So, based on the patient's need and cause of blindness one can utlise the services of corneal transplant. Almost all the major hospitals in the cities and some hospitals in the towns offer this surgery.
The good centers of Naryana Nethralaya, Shankara Nethralaya and the Regional Eye hospital of the districts offer this service.
Among the best in India are
Dr.Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences,
All India Institute of Medical Sciences,
Ansari Nagar, New Delhi-110029, India.
Phone no: 011 - 6589695, 011- 26593101
Shroff Eye Hospital
A-9, Kailash Colony, New Delhi - 110048
Phone no: 011 - 41633999
Fax no: 011- 41731693 , 29244736
Sankara Nethralaya (Main Campus)
No. 41 (old 18), College Road,
Chennai 600 006, Tamil Nadu, India.
Telephone: +91-44-4227 1500, +91-44-2827 1616
Arvind Eye Hospital
Anna Nagar, Madurai 625 020, Tamilnadu, India.
Phone no: 0452 - 435 6100
LV Prasad Eye Hospital
Kallam Anji Reddy Campus,
L V Prasad Marg, Banjara Hills,
Hyderabad 500 034, Andhra Pradesh
Phone no: 040 3061 2345
#121/C Chord Road,
1st 'R' Block, Rajaji Nagar,
The cost of corneal transplant surgery is very variable depending on the government, aided and the private hospital that one chooses. It costs around 1 lakh in the private sector. If an individual can't afford much, he or she can approach the local rotrary or vision clubs to seek help or visit the Regional Government Hospital. Traditionally the best practical way to go about was to meet your regular ophthalmologist and then get referred to the higher centers. Most of the higher centers now have an online or telephone appointment booking system to speed up the process and are very patient friendly. Like any transplant, there are issues with infection and failure in around 20% of the cases.