For becoming a judge you should get qualified in the Judicial Services Examination or the PCS (J)-Provincial Civil Service-Judicial Examination. These are entry-level exams for law graduates to become junior level entry judge. The state government under the supervision of the state high court will appoint members of the lower judiciary based on the competitive examination.
Judicial Services Examination– Eligibility Criteria
Lower Judiciary Services– The eligibility for appearing in Judicial Services Examination is a degree in LL.B. The candidate has to get enrolled or qualified to be enrolled as an advocate under the Advocates' Act 1961. No experience is required and final year candidates can also appear. The age limit varies according to the state. it is normally between 21 to 35 years.
Higher Judiciary Services– Candidates must be graduates in law and have a minimum number of years of experience normally seven years.
Judicial Services Examination– Structure of the exam
Judicial Service Examination is held in three stages. They are the Preliminary Examination, Mains and Interview.
Preliminary Examination– The preliminary examination serves as a screening for the mains examination. The question paper will have objective type questions. The marks secured in the preliminary examination are only for getting qualified for the final examination. They will not be counted for the final selection. The percentages of qualifying marks vary as per state. The minimum qualifying marks in the preliminary examination are 60 per cent for general and 55 per cent for reserved categories.
Mains Examination– The mains examination is subjective type. The exam comprises three to four papers. The marks secured by candidates are counted for the final selection. Candidates equal to three times the number of vacancies are called for viva-voce.
Interview– This is the final stage of selection where candidates are assessed on general interest, personality and intelligence among other factors.
Judicial Services Examination– Syllabus
The syllabus varies across states. It is broadly divided into Civil law, Criminal Law and Language paper. The weight given to the language paper is around 20 per cent to 35 per cent. The mains examination constitutes six to seven papers and almost 70 per cent of the questions are of law.
So you should get prepared for this examination to start your career as a lawyer.