In the Government organizations generally, income tax on salaries is deducted by the employer i.e. the head of the office instead of depending upon the banks to deduct income tax and TDS certificate is issued at the end of the year. As far as salary income in concerned, the employers are made totally responsible for the same.
The employers are required to obtain TAN number or 'Tax Deduction and Collection Account Number' and file quarterly return to the income tax department.
Such deductions are reflected in the form 26AS of the employee.
There are provisions of penalty for employers in cases of failures to deduct income tax at source. The tax liability of the employee is determined at the beginning of the year after taking into account the total salary likely to be paid, deductions, exemptions, and reliefs if any and on the basis of the applicable rates for the financial year concerned. Every month, 1/12 of this net tax liability is required to be deducted by the employer.
However filing income tax return is the individual responsibility of the Government employee as there may be other sources of income like rental income from property, accrued interest etc.
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