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  • Category: India

    Why are there an equal number of senators from each state in US but not in India?

    Regardless of the population of a state, US has two senators from each state. This will give equal opportunity for smaller states while making laws. Though Indian Constitution has taken US Constitution as one of its references, it did not adopt equal seats concept in Rajya Sabha, the corresponding equivalent of the US Senate. Because of unequal number of seats, bigger states are bulldozing their opinion on smaller states. What could be the reason for not adopting such a measure by our Constitutional framers?
  • #578627
    The United States also has a bicameral legislature composed of the House of Representatives and the Senate like our Loksabha and Rajya Sabha.

    Each state of the US is represented in the House of Representatives according to the population of the state as is the case with the Lok Sabha in India. The largest state of US, California presently has 53 representatives whereas seven states have only 1 representatives. The total number of representatives is fixed by law as 543.

    Earlier, senators were elected by the state legislatures. However, since 1913, they are elected by popular elections. Senators have a term of 6 years and every 2 two years, one-third of the senators retire. The Vice President of the United States presides over the Senate.

    The senators in the US have more power than the Rajya Sabha members of India who have powers of a Member of Parliament only for casting their votes for passing a bill. The senators in the US have more power e.g. the US President can make certain appointments only with the advice and consent of the Senate.

    The Indian constituent assembly had consulted many major constitutions of the world including that of the US and had adopted the best practices from all constitutions as deemed fit by the constituent assembly.

    Let us encourage each other in sharing knowledge.

  • #578635
    The number of senators in each of the 50 states of the US is 2 each. This means that the number is not related to the population of the state. However, in India, the formation of Lok Sabha and Assembly Constituencies depends on the population. In case of Rajya Sabha, the number of MPs (total: 250) is not directly related to the population, but it is indirectly related.
    “Whenever I feel the need to exercise, I lie down until it goes away.” - Paul Terry

  • #578639
    If we see the ratio of Lok Sabha seats to Rajya Sabha seats of each state, it clearly shows that Rajya Sabha seats are also indirectly allocated according to the population. Though Rajya Sabha has limited powers, it plays crucial role while passing many important Bills. Because both Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha seats are directly or indirectly allocated according to the population, smaller states (less populated states) are losing their arguing power.


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