Some of the plants that can be easily grown are tomatoes, bitter gourd (karela), cilantro (coriander), green chillies etc. While plants like ladies finger (okra / bhindi), brinjal (egg plant), tindora (dondakaya in Telugu), cucumber are few vegetables which needs some care for growing. Sorry members for the regional language, mentioned it in Telugu for Mohan to understand.
You can also grow leafy veggies like sorrel leaves (gongura), methi leaves etc in your kitchen garden.
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No life without Sun
If you have space you can grow practically all vegetables in your garden. I have said this on previous occasions that I maintained a container garden on my terrace. I used normal terracotta pots to successfully grow a variety of vegetables. For most veggies, it takes approximately two months from the time of sowing to harvesting the yield. Greens like spinach (palak), fenugreek (methi) etcetera grow faster.
The only thing that I had a problem with (and most first time gardeners have a problem with) is cilantro (coriander/hara dhaniya). Everything else grows rather easily, without much effort. Mint and green chillies are the easiest to grow.
1. I suggest you buy hybrid seeds. These grow faster and provide lots of veggies
2. Fertilise the soil properly – a mix of nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium, popularly known as NPK
3. Feed fruit bearing plants a potassium rich fertiliser as it is essential for them to bud, flower and fruit. By fruit bearing, I mean vegetables as well
4. Plant marigold (genda flowers) and garlic (lasun) around the garden as they keep away most bugs
5. Keep squirrels away by sprinkling red chilli powder around plants or create a greenhouse
6. You will need to stake tomato plants – give them support. Also, all climbers (beans and gourds etcetera) can be planted close to the building so they get the support they need to grow
7. If you have an independent house you can use the terrace too for your kitchen garden. Use pots the way I did
8. Ensure that the space you use for gardening receives at least 5-6 hours of sunlight
9. I also grew fruit trees in pots - guava, lemon, custard apple and sapota etcetera
If you need further guidance please send me a message.
"A love affair with knowledge will never end in heartbreak" - Michael Garrett Marino