Implementation of schemes: Whose responsibility?India is a federal country. The Central Government forms rules and laws in respect of subjects mentioned in the Union List of the Constitution. The State Governments do the same thing in respect of areas mentioned in the State List. So far as subjects mentioned in the Concurrent List, both Central Government and State Governments have the authority to form rules, laws, etc.
Now let us come to schemes. Central Government (I don't have much knowledge about State Governments) formulates many schemes. The financing pattern is also chalked out in case of schemes related to subjects mentioned in the Concurrent List. But what about implementation? Whose responsibility is to implement these schemes? Isn't it the duty of executives (both under Central Government and State Governments) to implement these schemes?
Why am I raising this question? There is a Central Government scheme named "Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojna" (earlier 'Indira Awas Yojna'). I know that under this scheme, a very compact, earthquake-resistant, cost-effective, hygenic dwelling unit has been developed after brilliant research by Indian scientists. The scheme, if implemented properly, can solve the problem of housing in the rural and semi-urban areas of the country. This dwelling units are for financially backward people. The financing pattern of the scheme has been chalked out and the majority of the finance (70%?) is being provided by the Central Government.
But the scheme has been marred by poor implementation. Not only that, in some States like West Bengal, dirty political game is being played for implementation of this scheme. My question is: Can't we make the executives (BDOs, SDOs and District Collectors) directly responsible for implementing such schemes?