This topic is sure one of burning issues in our nations. Reservation is by no doubt one of the best system devised to overcome "Social" disabilities imposed due to certain conditions that was particular to India. There is deep rooted Politics in it. The Reservation as a problem started during 1932 Gandhi Ambhedkar Meet at Poona. Gandhi and Ambedkar both worked for the empowerment of the so called Untouchables. Both had different notions of the Schedule classes. While Gandhi wanted them to be developed by including them into the larger society, Ambedkar wanted separate representation for them. The two leaders were steadfast in their demands. British in its divide and rule policy favored Ambedkar to Gandhi as he was one of the few leaders including Nehru and Bose those who had the stature of Gandhi among masses. Gandhi went to fast. Ambedkar came for a compromise to have joint electorate but certain seat reserved for SC/ST. The rest is history. Both Gandhi and Ambedkar placed humanity over materialistic development. Ambedkar was sidelined in congress but went to write constitution. Gandhi died in 1948. Independent India had a constitution. Nehru's India was very different from Gandhi's. Nehru went to develop massive PSU's, Modern temples(dams), He was outright in his admiration for Soviet model of development even during Gandhi years. Patel died within 2 years. The country had no one but Nehru alone. He readily accepted Ambedkar's reservation system now entering into employment.
Let us leave politics and come to some basic now. Reservation is not for development. Reservation is not for the economic but Social disabilities imposed certain historical factors. So SC/ST reservation has to continue until Social empowerment is completed. Reservation brought in people who voiced their communities at various levels of Government. This is the main aspect of reservation after social empowerment. i.e Making examples. Everything was fine.
Now let us understand why reservation. When people are denied access to temples, common irrigation system, etc. discriminated in schools it is very pertinent that they get few seats to develop themselves. People must understand that temples were economic Institutions as well as controlling vast tracts of land and hidden treasure in ancient history. This is welfare spending and investment by Government. Now many would have thought why now? Even in 21st Century Indian villages have the above disabilities. It is all over there in News Papers, Media. City dwellers do not understand completely the cast untouchability. Because in cities people can and mostly live Isolated from Neighbors. But in villages every economic activity and recreation is community based.
People quarrel over economic disabilities alone and see that certain section are well off but still enjoy reservation. But reservation was never to be only for economic disabilities but only for Social disabilities. Still we have Tribal peoples mostly vulnerable to development activities. People are happily living in a forest. Suddenly one day Government comes and says that the forest is having great mining potential and hence it must be removed of human habitations. Do these people know about EIA concept and Tribal land rights to oppose the mighty Government in courts. Can they live happily in new houses built by Government? Where will they go for livelihood? It is for these people reservation must continue.
Now again but Are these people living in Inhumane conditions enjoying reservation benefits. No. It is some other people living in urban and enjoying all posh facilities of Government just because he has some ancestral links to some SC/ST or OBC. Now leave SC/ST. OBC reservation is the greatest blunder of Governments. An Artificial income layer which Government itself does not knows on what basis exist.
Reservation is a very good policy but implemented wrongly by our Government. The first thing Government must do is make public Socio economic caste census data and have a revamp of reservation system. It must be dynamic. Communities are just added and not taken away from list. There must be some criteria like if more 50 percent in a community are well off then they must be removed.