In December of 1964, a cyclonic storm hit Dhanushkodi an Island in Tamil Nadu, close to Rameswaram. If you have heard of Pamban Bridge, know that it is what connects the mainland India to the Island. Everything on the Island was wiped out during the cyclone. It now looks like a ghost town, with just ruins. You can still see the devastation the cyclone caused. It is uninhabited, but locals from Mandapam and Rameswaram set up small shops selling wares and snacks, but they leave when night falls. The place attracts tourists and it is one of the most scenic spots in India, with azure blue seas and white sands. It is difficult to reach, but a must visit if you like to travel.
The Indian Navy has a Forward Detachment close to which local tour guides operate jeeps that take you to land's end, from where you can actually see Sri Lanka, on a clear day. It is also the place where the Ram Setu is.
"A love affair with knowledge will never end in heartbreak" - Michael Garrett Marino
A lot can be learnt from the experience of Japan ( more or less a island compared to countries like India etc). Its said that adverse conditions brings out the best in many situations .
1.Japan is now considered one of the top leaders in disaster management.
2.Many reports mention that in the coastal areas of Japan that more prone for cyclone, they have number of cyclone proof shelters, high strong walls along some stretches that can reduce the impact.
3.It's also reported that huge water discharge tunnels ( some of them with width of a 5 floor building!) that safely and quickly sends out vast quantities of water to various place.
4. The meteorological department issue prompt warnings and regular evacuation orders just before a major cyclone or typhoon hits a particular area and people follow the advise
All countries should have a emergency mitigation plan in place.They should have off site and on site emergency plans in place with all facilities in place. There should proper mechanism to know the issues in advance and see that people from the danger zone will be shifted to safe place. Food and other necessities should be arranged in advance in safe places. Rescue teams should be in place and just get in to work when it is necessary.
'Idhuvum Kadandhu Pogum "
Even this challenging situation would ease