Waiting for other knowledgeable members to respond to know and understand more about this.
If a doctor is very famous in a place he will make his daughter and son study medicine. If they are not getting a seat on merit he will pay the donation to ensure a seat. If they are not qualified in the entrance test he will send them abroad ensure they get the degree. They sat with their father after completing the studies and start earning. That is how the gap is widening.
If the rich becomes richer, then poor will also enjoy better life due to trickle-down effect (as mentioned in Economics theory).
Caution: Explosive. Handle with care.
However I am sure that the per overall wealth has increased definitely in our country. The poverty has reduced much. This all happened due to the various schemes implemented in our country. However after the nineties, the direction of our country's economic focus shifted from socialist to capitalist directions. Instead of burdening government and public sector for creating employment opportunities and production, private sector was allowed to do so by allowing foreign capital flow and collaborations. That gave the government more space and resource to concentrate on poverty alleviation and increasing the income of the lower income strata of people.
This resulted in a huge increase of overall wealth in the country. Thus even though the per capita income at lower strata has increased considerably, due to the sudden ballooning of capital inflow, investment and productivity the wealth amount increased to a large level. That reduced the percentage presence of the lower and middle strata of people in the wealth chart.
So as of now we need not worry about the difference, but ensure that per capita income increases and poverty is removed first. The basic necessities like food, shelter, health care , education and employment should be available to all.Government's welfare schemes should focus on this area.
'Idhuvum Kadandhu Pogum "
Even this challenging situation would ease
" Be Good and Do Good "