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  • Category: Miscellaneous

    Fall & Resurrection of Vijayanagara Kingdom:Venkatapati Deva Raya-saviour of Southern India (Part-I)

    It was 1564. Aliya Rama Raya, the son-in-law of great emperor Krishnadeva Raya, was ruling Vijayanagara kingdom. The very old Rama Raya was very powerful. His massive built created awe and respect in the minds of his enemies and friends.

    Rama Raya had a strong army. He fought battles with the sultans of Golconda and Bijapur. He went on enlarging the area of the Vijayanagara kingdom. The kingdom was economically and militarily strong.

    Rama Raya started expansion of his army. And he took two steps which eventually proved to be two terrible blunders. The confident Rama Raya slowly finished the extensive spy network developed by his predecessors. Perhaps he thought that a very strong army doesn't require spy network. The second step was that he appointed two Muslim generals, who defected from the army of Adil Shah, the sultan of Bijapur. Gilani brothers, the two Muslim generals proved to be the messengers of death for Rama Raya.

    Then came January 1565. Always quarrelling Bijapur and Golconda sultanates got themselves united. Ahmednagar, Berar and Bidar also joined hands. A formidable force was forged. Rama Raya had no inkling what was happening and what was going to happen.

    On 23rd January, 1565, the combined army of five sultanates (Ahmadnagar, Golconda, Bijapur, Berar and Bidar) attacked Vijyanagara kingdom. The crucial Battle of Talikota was fought near the villages of Rakkasagi and Tangadigi in Karnataka.

    Despite being unprepared, mighty Vijayanagara army was slowly gaining upper hand. But, the Gilani brothers played the treacherous game at the crucial period. Two Muslim divisions under the two brothers turned against Rama Raya.

    Rama Raya was beheaded by the traitors. Disheartened Vijayanagara soldiers could not resist the invaders. The combined sultanate army won the Battle of Talikota.

    Thereafter the pillaging started. The most prosperous kingdom of Asia was pillaged, raped, burnt, looted and was almost destroyed during the next few days.

    Robert Sewell says in his book: ''With fire and sword, with crowbars and axes, they carried on day after day their work of destruction. Never perhaps in the history of the world has such havoc been wrought, and wrought so suddenly, on so splendid a city; teeming with a wealthy and industrious population in the full plenitude of prosperity one day, and on the next seized, pillaged, and reduced to ruins, amid scenes of savage massacre and horrors beggaring description.''

    The mighty Vijayanagara kingdom fell.


    [....To be continued. Please see: Fall & Resurrection of Vijayanagara Kingdom:Venkatapati Deva Raya-saviour of Southern India(Part-II)]
  • #616111
    Thanks for the post, didn't know about Vijayanagara so much. Few relevant points I would note that would apply applied to any Kingdom or even current nations, are, having an intelligence wing that would give us early alerts, beware of traitors and when enemies unite on a common ground, they become a force to reckon.

  • #616118
    The happenings during the era of Vijayanagara Samrajya was well portrayed by the author and the importance of Venkatapati Deva Raya was made known to all through this post.
    K Mohan
    'Idhuvum Kadandhu Pogum "
    Even this challenging situation would ease

  • #616127
    But Mr. Mohan, I have not written anything about Venkatapati Deva Raya in this post. He would come to the picture later.
    Caution: Explosive. Handle with care.

  • #616183
    A good narration. You made us know about the Vijayanagara Kingdom. The combined army of five sultans with the help f insiders, the Gilani brothers, won the battle and made the Vijaynagar kingdom yo lose. Thank you for your information.
    drrao
    always confident

  • #616184
    Dr. Rao: Thanks for reading this thread. We must read the last para to understand what happened to Humpi, one of the greatest city of Asia (or the world?) during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries.

    I am continuing the article in the second part. The issue is resurrection of the Vijayanagara kingdom.

    Caution: Explosive. Handle with care.

  • #616206
    The old capital of this empire was known as Vijayanagara (City of Victory), the present day Hampi in Karnataka which is still a popular distension for its magnificent temples ( UNSECO world heritage site). Yet to visit this place.

  • #616662
    References:

    (a) Nilakanta Shastri- History of South India
    (b) Robert Sewell- A Forgotten Empire: Vijayanagar; A Contribution to the History of India (https://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/3310)

    Caution: Explosive. Handle with care.


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