Schizophrenia - Scenario in IndiaSchizophrenia a chronic psychological disorder characterized by loss of faith between reality and fiction, lack of social intimacy, hearing unknown voices within the self (hallucinations), depression, anxiety and false belief. The exact cause of this disorder isn't clear. It is a culminating effect of genetics and environmental factors. The most common symptoms in people with Schizophrenia are hallucinations, lack of ability to think or coordinate and delusions. They tend to keep themselves out of reality.
Late teenage or early adulthood is the peak period for the onset of symptoms of this disorder. People having a family history of psychosis can inherit Schizophrenia.
In India, more than one million people are affected by this disorder. There is no proper awareness among people regarding this condition. Most of the hospitals do not have a separate wing to diagnose and treat this condition. The only treatment for such patients in India is rehabilitation in psychiatric hospitals called mental hospitals. I don't think that is the correct place for treating a person suffering from Schizophrenia. Western countries have immense knowledge about this condition, not only doctors or psychiatrists but also among common people. They invest millions of dollars in research and cure for this disease. But why lack of proper knowledge in India? Do you think is it because India has less schizophrenic patients than western countries? No, there are more schizophrenic patients in India than western countries but they are inappropriately diagnosed as mentally retarded or mental patients and are sent to mental hospitals.
This has to change. The public must be made aware that Schizophrenia is one of the many psychological disorders which must be treated separately and not altogether with others. Simply throwing people in mental wards will not cure this condition.
A constructive treatment with antipsychotic drugs, behavioral therapy, family support and community interaction is the appropriate treatment for Schizophrenia. Institutionalization must happen only if the voluntary or involuntary symptoms/episodes are very severe. Although there is no appropriate cure for this, a good conditioning (medically and psychologically) of the person with all moral support can reduce the progressive symptoms.
Share your opinions about what we can do to raise awareness about this condition.