Punishment is given so that the person does not repeat the wrong he has done,and he feels sorry for the wrong act.
Usually in prisons punishment is given so that they realise their mistakes and feel guilty.Corporal punishments should be avoided.
Children need more counselling than punishments. Regular counselling helps them change their behavior and attitude.
Nowadays, the schools are prohibited from giving any kind of corporal punishment. Instead the children should to be motivated and encouraged.
In respect of serial offenders, the quantum of punishment increases with the repeated offense. In some cases, the person slowly changes his/her attitude. Sometime he/she does not change, especially if he/she is motivated by ideological consideration. In that case, such people are given maximum punishment. The freedom-fighters of India during the British period come under this category.
Non-violence is the greatest Dharma; So too is all righteous violence.
Even prior to development of formal civilised societies, there used to be killings and rapes but during those days, the manner of inflicting punishment was different. People used to settle the scores among themselves without going to courts of law as the same were non-existent.
Provisions for punishment are made to deter the people from committing the same crime again but it may not necessarily be the case always. It is said that the first time offenders become hardcore criminals after coming in contact with the criminals inside the jail.
Spending time in jail is itself a severe punishment instead of just being a means to isolate the offender from the mainstream society.
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Honesty is the best policy.
Generally punishment would be appropriate for the degree of the crime. The intensity varies based on the laws of the land. In some circles of litigation when a giant MNC commits a crime, then punishment given would be in actual damages (to compensate the victim/s) and 'punitive damages', huge amounts of money running in crores based on the earnings of the MNC.
I mention this because, there is an commonsense logic in it. If you need to punish someone who breaks the law, you cannot just set a figure of as Rs 20,000 as fine. This would be a big amount for a person who earns around One lakh a month. If someone were to be rich beyond limits and earns Rs 20 crores in a month, he wouldn't mind paying the fine and then committing it once more.
So, we should have a punishment appropriate to the degree of the crime. Some people feel, death penalty is appropriate for murderers and rapists. Punishment is intended to make the offender pause, think before attempting to repeat it and most importantly to feel sorry and realize his mistakes.
Punishment is a pain to the person or property of person who is found guilty of crime. The object of giving punishment is to secure and protect society from mischevious behaviour and undesired elements by deterring potential offenders.
Unfortunately, due to overall poor governance in our country, the accused after returning from prison start taking revenge or repeat their criminal actions hoping that this time law and order machinery will not be able to catch them.
So frankly speaking punishment should be severe and for those who are repeating their misdeeds, it should be pronounced as more severe. These miscreants will never be under control if our regulatory mechanism is loose and weak.
Knowledge is power.