White bread is made from maida, which is a processed flour. Maida has no nutritional value, it is devoid of fibre and is very high in carbohydrates. It provides you with empty calories. It has a high Glycaemic Index, which means it breaks down fast and this causes blood sugar levels to shoot up.
Whole wheat bread is made from flour made from the wheat grain. It is rich in nutrients and better for health.
Read the labels on the bread packet carefully. Don't be cheated by wheat flour, mentioned as an ingredient. Maida, is wheat flour too, look for whole wheat flour in the list of ingredients.
Commercially available pavs, buns and parottas are made from maida. Though parotta maybe made from whole wheat flour – read the label to check the main ingredients. Chapati is traditionally made from whole wheat flour, but ready-to-eat chapatis sold in packets may contain maida.
It is difficult to make bread, pav and buns with whole wheat flour. You will not get the same softness as maida gives to these food items. Commercially, available whole wheat bread also contains maida, along with the whole wheat flour.
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