According to S.Karapetrovic, D.Rajamani, W. Willborn, the customers of the university should have confidence that their requirement for quality are met on a continuous basis, and the student will have the knowledge when they graduate.
In today’s world the quality in all aspects of lives is usual. Corporate are reengineering to reassure the customers of high quality of their products and services. In highlight of this piece of evidence, education is no exception. The Customers (students) wants to be guaranteed that quality educational service is provided.
The increasing globalisation capitulate a need to guarantee customers, locally as well as internationally, of the quality education services being provided ( Jeswiet, 1995)
The demand of higher education has been traditionally driven by expectation of its ability to raise the economic and social status of the graduate. Basically people in less developed countries, limited access to education in their own countries led to a significant raise in the number of international students studying overseas. The international student flow between 1960 and 1970 was around 9 percent, and it was declined by 3 percent from 1970 to 1980 (Hughes, 1988).
According to McMahon’s examination on flow of international student from the developing country to developed country during the 1960 and 1970s, via testing an outbound or push model and an inbound or “pull” model.(McMahon, 1992). His push model suggested the student flow largely depends on the level of economy, the priority placed on education by the government of the developing countries and the availability of educational opportunities in the home country (Tim Mazzarol and Geoffrey N. Soutar, 2002) article
Only 25% of Indian engineers, 15% of its finance and accounting professional and 10% of Indian professionals with general degree are suitable to work for multinational companies. (McKinsey, 2005). This is evident the fact that many Indian professionals do not possess the global skills and quality. TRADE POLICY DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE, GOVERNMENT OF INDIA.YEAR. Trade in Education services.
[www] http://commerce.nic.in/trade/Consultation_paper_on_Education_GATS.pdf ( 9 October 2008)
The demand of higher education is greater in young countries like India, china as compared to greying countries. Likewise the supply of quality and standard education is greater in greying countries, like UK, US, AUSTRALIA etc.
TRADE POLICY DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE, GOVERNMENT OF INDIA.YEAR. Trade in Education services.[www] http://commerce.nic.in/trade/Consultation_paper_on_Education_GATS.pdf ( 9 October 2008)
Indian student studying abroad
Source: WENR (World Education News and Review), IDP Australia, IIE
The above chart indicates the number of Indian student travelling abroad for the higher education. Therefore it’s rather clear that there is a huge excess demand in India for quality higher education.
TRADE POLICY DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE, GOVERNMENT OF INDIA.YEAR. Trade in Education services. [www] http://commerce.nic.in/trade/Consultation_paper_on_Education_GATS.pdf ( 9 October 2008)
Most of the Indian universities lack international standard, according to the report by Indian parliamentary estimates committee. It says only 30 percent Indian universities offer “high quality” education.
[WWW]http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/story.asp?storyCode=401183§ioncode=26 (07 October 2008)
In spite of several constraints, India has witnessed a rapid growth of institutions of higher education and diversification in areas of studies. Today, the Higher Education structure in India consists of 375 universities and equivalent institutions, which include general universities, science and technology universities, open universities, agricultural and medical universities, language universities and women universities. Besides, there are universities focusing on journalism, law, fine arts, planning and architecture and other specialised areas of studies. There are now more than18000 colleges. Enrolment of students in higher education is more than 11 million. Taking into account about 7.6 lakh enrolments in Open universities, the total enrolment in higher education is Close to about 12 million. There are more than 488 thousand teachers in the higher education system. About 87 thousand Indian students were studying in foreign universities in 2001- 02 and around 8000 international students, particularly from Asia and Africa, were studying in Indian universities in 2002- 2003.
CHAKRAVARTHY,R. Higher Education in India.
[www]http://www.unescobkk.org/fileadmin/user_upload/apeid/workshops/9th_convention/Country_Rpt_IND.pdf.( 9 October 2008).
Educators from different part of India, acknowledge that there is a need for change in Indian institutions to raise focus on life-long learning. In the recent past, government of India reported, that there is a need for quick expansion of quality higher education. There five important concerns facing Indian higher education; access and equity; relevance; quality and excellence; governance and management; and funding according to the parliamentary standing committee on Human Resource Development, 172nd Report on University and Higher Education submitted on may 22, 2006. JANE E.S. 2006. Bringing foreign universities to India. [Online newspaper] http://www.thehindu.com/2006/11/14/stories/20006111402491000.htm. ( 9 October 2008)
Through that in mind, I conclude, Even though there are national Accreditation council found responsible for evaluating and accrediting institutions and academic department in India. The process of getting accreditation is voluntary as like in the united sates.
That accreditation is not as commanding as ISO series. If higher education institutions not as whole but at university level formulate ISO standard compulsory then there may be major possibility to reduce the number of students going abroad, and I end up that this quality and standard factor is not the only concern for Indian students, there are other few fundamental factors which affect Indian students to study and work abroad..
i assume, that international student who pursue higher education abroad settling down in abroad for better work environment, life style abroad and money.not very many students who studied in india are going abroad for work. its comparetively low.