|#32220 Author: Sriram Member Level: Diamond Member Rank: 0 Date: 29/Sep/2008 Rating: Points: 6|
Relevance of Gandhian Principles today:-
Accordingly, in his early writings and speeches Mahatma Gandhi emphasised that while both men and women were equal, “women’s education should differ from men’s as their nature and functions do”. Home management and the care of children were of vital importance, and while women were not to be kept in ignorance, “it is tyrannical to burden them with work which is ordinarily done by men”. Ideally girls were to be trained to be good wives and nurturant mothers; “gradually”, wrote Gandhi in 1917, “it should be possible to introduce women to the subjects of politics and social reform”. It was thus not long before Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was asking women who had gathered to hear him speak to give up wearing foreign material and dedicate themselves to the principles of swadesh (of one’s country). Spinning yarn on the charkha or indigenous spinning wheel was an effective way of doing one’s duty or dharma.
The Gandhian Principles they follows;-
1) Live a simple, frugal life, as Gandhi did, taking pleasure in those things that bring joy and happiness to others, as well as to yourself.
2) Stand up for what is right using non-violence. By speaking out against tyranny and oppression, you are a voice for change, but you must keep your actions pure to retain respect for your cause. Resorting to violence to achieve your goals destroys the integrity of your intent.
3) Seek to understand the religious beliefs of others and respect them. Understand that spiritual beliefs are the underpinnings of many cultures. Realize that the common factors of love, charity and forgiveness are a stronger common bond than the differences in religious dogma.
4) Treat every individual you encounter with respect. They, like you, must deal with the day-to-day anxiety and trials of life. Try to put yourself in their shoes before you judge them.
5) Contribute as much as you can towards making the world a better place for your fellow human beings and for those who will live long after you are gone. Donate your time, labor and monetary resources to implement programs designed to help those less fortunate than yourself.
6) Forgive those who harm you instead of seeking revenge. Violence begets more violence. Be the one to break the cycle and seek a peaceful resolution.
7) Realize that being a pacifist does not mean you are weak. To the contrary, it means you are strong enough to follow through with integrity despite the temptation to sink to your oppressor's level.
8) Study more about Gandhi's philosophical system of non-violence, known as Satyagraha, at your public library. Alternately, share your ideas and learn from others interested in following Gandhi's beliefs on an online message board dedicated to his philosophy and his memory.
|#32229 Author: nikhila Member Level: Gold Member Rank: 0 Date: 29/Sep/2008 Rating: Points: 1|
your essay is really nice. keep it up. happy posting.
"HELPING HANDS ARE ALWAYS BETTER THAN PRAYING LIPS"
|#32230 Author: nikhila Member Level: Gold Member Rank: 0 Date: 29/Sep/2008 Rating: Points: 2|
you have posted a very good information but it`s too lengthy and also some paragraphs are not relavant to the topic.
"HELPING HANDS ARE ALWAYS BETTER THAN PRAYING LIPS"
|#32315 Author: Ramesh Kumar Gupta (RKG) Member Level: Gold Member Rank: 0 Date: 30/Sep/2008 Rating: Points: 3|
First of all sorry for my mistake that i am unable to create essays as you want.
I just want to include more and more information about the Gandhian Principles and about their origin.
Diamond Level Member ISC
|#32399 Author: Ankush Das Member Level: Gold Member Rank: 0 Date: 30/Sep/2008 Rating: Points: 4|
Ramesh has copied his response from the internet. Ramesh please do not do this. If you do not know or don't have the time to write on your own, please don't but at least do not copy.
|#32422 Author: Ramesh Kumar Gupta (RKG) Member Level: Gold Member Rank: 0 Date: 01/Oct/2008 Rating: Points: 2|
You are right i admit that i copied source about Gandhian Principle's from Wikipedia.
Next time i will write in my own words.
Pls. give excuse to me for that.
Diamond Level Member ISC
|#32491 Author: Seema Grover Member Level: Gold Member Rank: 0 Date: 01/Oct/2008 Rating: Points: 6|
Gandhi aimed at Poorna Swaraj with the help of common man. His objective was to first connect the people, know them better and then put objective to action. The philosophy he followed was to be a good listener and the a good team leader .These features are lacking in modern day youth but if we adopt this we also would be able to change environment like him. Gandhi ji’s principles are like effective managers principle where he has shown LEADERSHIP, LEARNING AND CHANGE. Through AHIMSA as strategy he persuaded masses to follow his path. Good examples are DANDI MARCH, KHADI ANDOLAN etc. His principles if applied today can create wonders in developmental process along with keeping our mental balance.
Good Luck and take care
(Editor India Study Channel)
|#32538 Author: kalyan Member Level: Silver Member Rank: 0 Date: 01/Oct/2008 Rating: Points: 6|
Mahatma Gandhi has influenced the course of world history in the 20th century by his leadership of the Indian freedom movement. This is a historical achievement which no longer has a direct relevance for our actions today. However, the main principles of his thought and action can still guide us. The most important principle is the unity of thought, speech and action. Jawaharlal Nehru once remarked that before Gandhi assumed its leadership, the Indian National Congress often passed grandiloquent resolutions without giving any thought to their implementation. Gandhi then saw to it that resolutions would be phrased in such a way that everybody could see how they could be operationalised. Word and deed must reflect each other. Gandhi had applied this principle in his Satyagraha campaigns in South Africa. Satyagraha - holding on to truth - did not mean that one claimed to possess the truth but that one tried to reach it by the right kind of action. In order to do this one had to spell out what one believed to be true and how one would try to achieve it. Political intentions had to be openly stated. Gandhi rejected secret conspiracies. He proclaimed his plans for action well in advance. He wanted to convince his adversary. This presupposed non-violence; with violence one could at the most vanquish the adversary but not convince him. Gandhi's "Experiments with Truth" - as he called his autobiography - applied both to the political sphere and to very personal affairs. The unifiying element was Gandhi`s religiosity. Religion meant something different for Gandhi than for those who believe in a revealed religion. He once said that there are as many religions as there are people. This implied that salvation can only be reached by individual endeavour. Gandhi referred in this way to the Indian idea of moksha. This kind of salvation is actually a very private affair, but Gandhi so to speak "socialised" it. In keeping with this idea he also paraphrased the collective idea of political freedom (swaraj) as "rule of one's self". Only he who can rule himself can achieve political freedom. Accordingly Gandhi's campaigns were conducted by satyagrahis who bound themselves by vows to keep the discipline ordained by Gandhi.
The "socialisation" of moksha also implied that nobody who was striving for it could forget about the injustice suffered by his fellow men. The greatest injustice in Indian society was untouchability and it was against this that Gandhi reacted by means of his own deeds. The origin of untouchability could be traced to the "unclean" activities such as cleaning toilets on which all members of society depended who nevertheless despised those on whom they relied in this way. In the settlements and ashrams which Gandhi founded he therefore participated in the cleaning of toilets and thus aroused the ire of many orthodox Hindus. The unity of thought and actions which Gandhi stressed was expressed in this way. Gandhi once said: "Be the change that you want to see".
The autonomy of man and the duty of of responsible action are incompatible with deterministic social doctrines which postulate that the fate of man is influenced by social forces which are beyond his control. Gandhi sometimes called himself a socialist, but he was against "scientific socialism", he was also sceptical about the teachings of economics. He once stated: "The law of supply and demand is a law of the devil". He thereby wanted to emphasize that he rejected purely economic calculations as the guiding principles of human decisions. But at the end of his life, Gandhi very surprisingly adopted liberal economic principles and called for the abolition of wartime economic controls, particularly those concerning the trade in foodgrains. His old companion Rajendra Prasad, who later on became India's first president, was the minister in charge of this subject in the interim government. Gandhi prevailed upon him to abolish these controls. The government feared that prices would rise after this, but Gandhi predicted that prices would fall as hoarded grain would come into the market. One year before Ludwig Erhard abolished wartime controls in Germany against the wishes of the powers of occupation, India did so at Gandhi´s request. The prices of foodgrains did fall- and Gandhi triumphed. However, this did no apply to all goods. After Gandhi's death the controls of cotton textiles were also lifted and it was believed that he would have welcomed this. The millowners had warned against the lifting of controls at this stage because their machines had been worn out during the war and could not yet be replaced. Prices rose when the controls were abolished inspite of these warnings; they had to be re-imposed after a few months. This time they lasted for a long period and contributed to the ruin of the Indian textile industry.
Gandhi's constant quest to transform his thought into action could occasionally also lead to the making of a fetish out of his practice. This was particulary true of hand spinning. Gandhi did it wherever he went - even when he sat one the dais at political meetings. He referred to it as "the language of the hands". It was his reply to those who had pointed to rural unemployment an complaied about the flooding of India by British textiles. Hand spinning was supposed to signify self help. But the symbol soon transcended its original meaning. Clothing made of handspun and handwoven material became a kind of uniform of Congress politicians. It was often worn by people who did not share Gandhi's views at all. In independent India this emphasis on handspun and handwoven cloth became a guideline of economic planning. This led to the decline of the textile industry which was subjected to the regime of control mentioned above. The government did not take note of the fact that most "handloom weavers" had shifted to the operation of powerlooms. They were spreading in the informal sector of the Indian economy which was not encumbered by labour laws and hardly paid any taxes. The "organised" textile industry could not compete with the powerlooms in the long run. Only a few mills survived which relied on special products. Many mills turned "sick" and were taken over by the government which maintained them as it feared the wrath of unemployed labour. Since Gandhi was no longer alive, it is impossible to know what he would have said about this development which was due to a rigid interpretation of his earlier recommendations. Gandhi was a realist who had always made it a point to study in detail any problem on which he was supposed to take action. He always insisted on adopting the right means in order to reach an end.
With all his political and social actions, Gandhi aimed at convincing others. He strove for an "overlapping consensus" - a term introduced by the American philosopher John Rawls. After a long time of the neglect of ethics in modern philosophy, Rawls had once more introduced this subject. He should have been an enthusiastic admirer of Gandhi, but instead one notices a strange silence regarding Gandhi in his works. He even does not mention him in the important chapter on the right of resistance in his famous book The Idea of Justice. Gandhi had not only articulated the right of resistance but had also found ways and means to put it into effect. It is hard to believe that Rawls was ignorant about Gandhi, there must be a systematic reason for his avoiding even to mention him. Actually this reason is obvious, although Rawls does not refer to it. He argues that an "overlapping consensus" can only be attained by those who do not appeal to "comprehensive doctrinces" as he calls the articles of faith of established religions. Anybody who appeals to such doctrines must reject those of other faiths, this makes consensus impossible. In our times this is of particular relevance. Terror based on an appeal to a "comprehensive doctrine" would be incompatible with an overlapping consensus. It seems that Rawls saw in Gandhi a religious leader attached to "comprehensive doctrines". Much of what has been written about Gandhi could have confirmed this opinion. It is a pity that Rawls misunderstood Gandhi and was therefore unable to include his ideas in his treatment of political ethics and the right of resistance. This sevice has been done for Gandhi
|#32555 Author: sobha wilson Member Level: Gold Member Rank: 0 Date: 02/Oct/2008 Rating: Points: 6|
Gandhiji - The soul of India is laying in the word Gandhiji. Gandihiji now became a world renowned person only because of his non violence struggle.
Gandiji is known by different names. We can call gandhiji as Mahatma, Mahatma Gandhiji, Bapu, Bapuji, Father of Nations, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi or M.K Gandhi.
Gandhiji was the major political and spiritual leader of India.
Gandhi was born in Porbandar on October 2nd 1869 and died on 30th January 1948
In the present day situations Gandhiji's Principles are more valuable.
Civil disobedience, Ahimsa, Truth and Non violence are the main priciples of Gandhiji our nations father.
He is commonly known as 'Great Soul'. He is officially honoured in India as the 'father of Nations'.
His birthday October 2nd is is commemorated as 'Gandhi Jayanti'.
October 2nd is a national Holiday and world wide as an 'International day of Non-Violence'.
'Raghupati Raghava Rajaram, Pathitha Pavana seetharam'. whenever we hear the prayer Gandhiji's memory becomes alive.
Gandhiji's life was dedicated to the ideals of Truth, Non-Violence and Love.
Indian Independence movement, Dandi March, Sarvodaya movement, Quit India movement, Civil Dis-obedience, The non Cooperative movement etc are the important Satiyagrahas done by Gandihiji.
Gandhiji started an organisation called Sabarmati Ashram. This was located in Ahemedbad subrub of Sabarmati and on the western banks of the Sabarmati River.The main aim of this was, gandhiji wanted to do some experiments in living such as farming, animal husbandary, cow breeding, Khadi and related activities. This place is very suitable for these activies.
mahatma Gandhi began promoting the Spinning of Khadi for rural self employment.
The terms 'Gandhism', 'Gandhigiri' are more relevent in the present day situations in India.
All people of India must follow the principle of Gandhiji our Father of Nations.
|#32592 Author: Khemraj Member Level: Silver Member Rank: 0 Date: 02/Oct/2008 Rating: Points: 1|
Congratulation for all ISC Members
On behalf of Gandhi Jayanti.
I hope you celebrated it best.
|#32811 Author: Dr Sachine (Eye Retina Surgeon) Member Level: Gold Member Rank: 0 Date: 04/Oct/2008 Rating: Points: 6|
“Rashtrapita,Bapuji & Mahatma”-these were the names given to Gandhi by India’s people.This itself suggests how much people loved him.These 3 names are more valuable than any other post which he would have been given in independent India.Let us follow the path of truth & nonviolence shown by Mahatma. He lived whole life with a “puncha” a single cloth because his poor people don’t get adequate clothes.He started living like this after he saw that Indian women are not getting adequate clothes.Thus he lived a very simple life.
"Harijan"- he gave this name to people of low caste who were considered as "Achoot" by upper castes.
Gandhiji demonstrated the concept of non-violence through his life and work. AHIMSA & Satyagrah were his weapons to fight.
Now the same philosophy and concept can be used as a weapon for fighting against injustice at all levels & terrorism.
Gandhiji wanted an independent India in which following things will exist
1)there shall be no high and low class of people,
2)all communities shall live in perfect harmony.
3)Harijan will not be treated as inferior
4)there will be no untouchability,
5)the poorest shall feel that it is their country,
6)in whose making they have an effective voice,
7)abolishing the curse of intoxicating drinks ,
8)women will enjoy safe life & the same rights as men.
This was the India of his dream.
Gandhian philosophy is not outdated but its very difficult to follow for a common man." He believed in Swadeshi as it will help in India’s progress.For this he started using "charkha" & promoted use of "Khadi".Indeed many Indians started using khadi that time.He promoted Naturopathy as treatment for various diseases .
He emphasised on "Gram Swarajya".He suggested that there should be decentralization of the government so that the power will get distributed & will not be misused.This is important to reduce corruption.
There are a lot of misconceptions regarding Gandhiji as far as his role in India’s partition & giving Pakistan Rs. 55 crore. Gandhi was not responsible for the partition & he did not go on a fast to give Pakistan Rs. 55 crore.
Sabarmati Ashram,Dandi March,1942 Quit India movement are all examples how he handled various situations.
After independence,the politicians have just used Gandhi's name but never followed his principles. We have to uplift Gandhian thoughts through People's Movement.
We all know Gandhiji's 3 monkeys-the message given to us is "Bura mat socho,bura mat dekho,bura mat karo"
Leaders from other nations e.g. Nelson Mandela respected Gandhi's thoughts & followed path shown by him while fighting for independence.But unfortunately in his own country & state(Gujarat-Godhra incidence)communal riots are going on & many innocent people have been killed.
Social and political philosophy of Mahatma Gandhi’s thoughts are constant source of inspiration to the people, because it continues to have relevance even in the present day life.At this moment also if we follow his principles it will help in reducing communal riots,bomb blasts,terrorism,etc
|#32906 Author: Raj Malik Member Level: Gold Member Rank: 0 Date: 05/Oct/2008 Rating: Points: 6|
Life runs in a fleeted foot.No time to pause and gaze at all that our past has taught us.Life has moved forward, far ahead to even remember a man who has now turned to 138 , is he alive or are his principles even??
Lets see!! India showed disagreement on the plea to send the war-troops to Iraq- don't you see the Gandhian Principle of 'AHIMSA' here. An old man trying hard to manage his way back home with the bags , a young man picks up his baggage and carries them to the old man's place - COMPASSION still prevails . India has always supported society services and has tried her best to spread the great message of Gandhian Principles through various acts - PEACE and NON-Violence , people still believe in them. The whole nation rose in unison to fight back against the natural grievances and helped the victims of various calamities - UNITY and BROTHERHOOD is still celebrated in India and among the hearts of Indians.
Isn't it an index of something? Years may have passed since Mahatma Gandhi passed on , but still his valued principles and ideals hold the same priority and relevance. Life has shown many faces , time has also changed but what still remains indifferent is the value of Gandhian Principles in every Indian heart. It won't be wrong if I say that the germaneness of Gandhian Principles still hold the fort even greater than before.
Lets analyze Gandhian Principles one by one:
- He always laid stress on women empowerment : The time today itself portrays the accomplishment of Gandhi ji's principles when women of India are the fore-runner in every field.The point from where Gandhi ji has left this work of women emancipation many communities have picked his reigns and contributed towards his purpose.
- He wished that the moral values should always govern every action of an individual like selflessness , non-violence and ahimsa and many more: If you see the present world , people have the same thought in their mind . Like the love of a father or a mother is selfless for their children , they still teach their children the moral lessons of non-violence and to show love for the creations of God. Still the Gandhian principle prevails. It wouldn't be wrong if I claim that each individual exhibits such qualities and in some way or the other practice the principles preached by Gandhi ji.
- He always had immense faith in God and asked his countrymen to do the same: Still if you see nothing has much changed in the 21st century if we consider this aspect of believing in God . Even today every individual prays his God and prays for the betterment of his fellow mates - thus in a way helping for the betterment and uphold of the whole society.
- He spread the message of unity and brotherhood: Even today if you move your head around you'll find brotherhood in every religion and among all the religions , with the advancement the rift between the religions is moving towards nonentity. Although people are concerned about their surroundings , still all contribute to serve the same purpose of establishing Unity. People of so many religions and cultures still stay together with love and harmony giving the existence of our motherland its true name "INDIA"
- Patriotism and love for the nation hold the priority still : It will be a small example to quote if I mention about the cricket tournaments when the whole nation pray and wait with full anxiety to see their nation at the top .This is patriotism , anything against our country is indigestible by the country mates .When it comes to the integrity of our nation , the whole nation stands together. Every single person in some way or the other contributes towards the upliftment and prosperity of their nation.
So here I conclude that how much the time may move ahead and people may call themselves 'GENERATION NEXT' , but still they hold back to their roots. Even today in schools the Gandhian Principles are being taught and each and every child of the nation walks on his path . Every single step on the path of Gandhian Principles is leading towards the 'World of Gandhi's Dreams'. It wouldn't be good , if we say that Gandhian Principles and philosophies have lost the relevance.
Both then and now , this great man's words and philosophies burn and sound with the same effervescence as it always be. His life was and is still admired by the whole lot of people and they are walking on his path to lead a life of purpose. His words will always have the same relevance as long as mankind stays on the face of earth and same shall be the love amongst the people.
So lets take a pledge and make our each action work towards the betterment of humanity .
We can't preach his principles by enchanting them , but the best way is to practice and preach.
I have kept the best for the Last : The best example to prove the relevance and the same importance of Gandhian principles is the act of United Nations. 2nd October from hence is being commemorated as International Non-Violence Day! Thus , friends Gandhian principles held and still hold the same relevance in this World.