Virudhunagar. Loksabha Constituency (Tamil Nadu)
Sivakasi is renamed as Virudhunager. Sivakasi is a municipal town in the Virudhunagar district of the Tamil Nadu State. The town has another name Kutty or Mini Japan which was given by Jawaharlal Nehru for the powerful printing and match making industries.
Sattur, Virudhunagar, Sivakasi, Srivilliputhur, Rajapalayam SC, Koilpatti are the assembly segments of this constituency. The town Sivakasi had a population of 72,170 and the average literacy of 77% higher than the national average of 59.5% .
V Jayalakshmi, N Soundararajan, K Kalimuthu, R Kanga Govindarajulu, V Alagirisamy, Y Gopalaswamy, are the earlier elceted members from this Lok Sabha Constituency.
A Ravichandran is the present incumbent of this seat. He won by defeating his nearest rival AiADMK candidate P Kannan by a margin of 164517 votes.
Crackers for Diwali and other functions always reminds you of the fireworks industry at the Sivakasi town. Most of them come up only for the season.
There is history behind the name of Sivakasi and the King Harikesari Parakkirama Pandian. The king wanted to build a Siva temple at tenkasi his capital and went to Kasi Varanasi to get a shiva linga. While bringing it back to tenkasi he rested under the vilva trees on the way.
The Lingam could not be moved from there and taken to tenkasi . so the King built the temple then and there and named it Sivakasi. Later, King Pandia and King Thirumalai Naicker expanded the temple and named it Kasi Viswanatha Swamy temple
Sivakasi is known for three main industries. Printing / offset printing press, for which Sivakasi is considered to be second only to Gutenberg in germany. Shri K. S. A. Arunagiri Nadar is said to be the founder of the printing industryhere in Sivakasi as he was responsible for bringing printing in here.
Pyrotechniques (fireworks and Crackers) and also safety matches and colour matches industry are the other two industries. Ayya nadar and his brother Shanmuga nadar founded the match industry and has started many colleges and other educational institutions.
Sivakasi is well connected by Road and railways to the rest of the state and the country. The nearest airport is in Madurai and also one at Tuticorin.
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Posted Date: 16 Apr 2014 Points: 30 (
About the constituency
Virudhunagar constituency encompasses the assembly constituencies viz, Virudhunagar, Sivakasi, Sattur, Aruppukottai, Thirumangalam and Thirupparankunram. This constituency lies just 50 kilometer south of Madurai city. Sivakasi is an industrial town which is known as little Japan. The primary industries are fire works, match box industries, Sivakasi is very famous for printing, card board box manufacture and polythene bag manufacture. Virudhunagar, though it is an agricultural town, agriculture has become a secondary business due to failure of monsoon in this area. This is the birth place of Mr. Kamaraj ex CM of Tamilnadu and the Kingmaker of Congress party.
About political situation
In 2009, after reorganization of constituencies, the assembly constituencies of sivakasi LS constituencies viz Virudhunagar, Sattur, Sivakasi, Aruppukottai were merged with Thirumangalam and Thirupparangunram of Madurai district and constituted as Virudhunagar LS constituency. In 1951 and 1957, while it was Ramanathapuram constituency, in 1951, Mr. Nagappa Chettiyar, and in 1957 Mr. Subbiah Ambalam both candidates from Congress won the election. While it was Sivakasi constituency, in the year 1967, Mr. Ramamurthy of Swantara party won the election. In 1971 and 1977, Ms.Jayalakshmi of Congress won the seats. In 1980 and 1984, Soundar rajan of ADMK won the election, and in 1989, Kalimuthu of ADMK, and in 1991, Govindarajuly of ADMK wonthe election. Thus ADMK retained the seat consecutively for four elections. In 1996, Azhagiri samy of CPI won the election. In 1998 and 1999 Vaiko of MDMK won the seats. In the year 2004, Ravichandran of MDMK won the election.
When it was constituted as Virudhunagar constituency in the year 2009, DMK Congress alliance candidate Mr. Manickam Tagore of Congress won the election defeating Mr. Vaiko of MDMK with a margin over 15000 votes.
During the last 15 Loksabha elections, Congress won six times, ADMK four times, MDMK three times, CPI once, and Swantara party once won the election. From the year 1967 until 2009, DMK contested election only once in the year 1989. At that time DMK candidate Mr. Vaiko was lost to Mr. Kalimuthu of ADMK. Thereafter for the next 25 years DMK fielded only candidates from its alliance partners. .
Results of LS Election 2009
Manickam Tagore (Congress) – 3,07,187
Vaiko (MDMK) - 2,91,423
Pandiyarajan (DMDK) - 1,25229
Karthik (BJP) - 17326
Kanakaraj (BSP) - 8,198
Parties and their candidates contesting Loksabha election 2014
Manicak Tagore (Congress)
Due to failure of monsoon, farmers have been severely affected. The fire work business got affected due to import of China’s fire works. Due to frequent power cuts, all the industries in the constituency have been severely affected . The project on a Industrial park between Virudhunagar and Sattur has not come up. Bridges across rail lines, sewage and drainage system have not been cared for.
Finally, as the present Loksabha election is going to be a tough fight between major parties, the end result of election can not be predicted at this stage.
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