Till 1997, there was only one district named as Dakshina Kannada, now the district has split in to two Dakshina Kannada and Udupi, Dakshina Kannada is with five taluks namely Mangalore, Bantwal, Puttur, Sullia and Belthangady and Udupi district have three taluks namely Udupi, Kundapura and Karkala.
The major language spoken in these two districts is Tulu, hence it is aptly called as Tulunadu. Mangalore is demographically diverse with several other languages, which includes Tulu, Konkani, Kannada, and Beary. Mangalore is situated in the western coast adjacent to Arabian sea, basically Mangalore is an ship building center. As being a port area, this area is always under a controversy and conflicts erstwhile, but this area is one of the best in the state to have abundant religious and pilgrim places, which always attracts travelers throughout the year, as nature is also blessed this place with green cultivation fields, awesome waterfalls, extraordinary beaches and varied and rich variety of flora and fauna.
The name “Mangalore” derived from the word ‘Mangaladevi’ the goddess of this town a rich and cultural heritage, and incidentally Mangalore is the headquarters of the district, Mangalore has been considered one of the important port in the country, with two backwater rivers called Netravathi and Gurpur.
Mangalore has varied culture but mostly influenced by the rule of Portuguese in 16th century, later in 18th century it was ruled by Hyder Ali and his son Tippu Sultan partially but wholly ruled by the Britishers, this has influence the development if ship building arena and an got an importance as a natural harbour.
Now Mangalore is India’s ninth biggest cargo handling port, the agricultural processing has been dominated the other industries and the other activity is port related activities, these two has boosted the economy of this place. Major items imported are tropical timber for furniture making as this activity is essential as the country has a restriction on its own teak felling, the specialty of this port is it handles 75% of coffee exports and also cashew nuts, though 90% of the cashew nuts are grown in Kerala, and cashew research center is at Puttur.
This place dominates and has been considered as the leader in banking, private entrepreneurship and the general awareness and literacy rate, this city has the credit of giving four nationalized banks they are Canara Bank, Corporation Bank, Vijaya Bank and Karnataka Bank, apart from some insurance companies, as critically this place is called as ‘Cradle of Banking Industry’.
Mangalore other major industries
Other major industries include Mangalore Chemicals and Fertilizers, Kudremukh Iron Ore Company, Mangalore Refinery and Petrochemicals, National Thermal Power Corporation, Infosys, Jaiprakash Industries to name a few.
According to an survey report another 25,000 crores is expected to be invested in the coming years, as an corporate sector it will be a good news. The completion of Konkan Railway is an additional boost and fillip to trade and commerce sector of this place.
The other medium sized industries include tile manufacturing, coffee curing, beedi factories and other processing units of cashew nut.
Places of interest in and around Mangalore
Mangaladevi Temple, Kadri Manjunath, St. Aloysius College Chapel, Light House Hill-Garden, Sultan Battery, Shreemanthi Bai Memorial Government Museum, Mahatma Gandhi Museum, Ullal, Moodabidire, Karkala, Venur, Malpe Beach, Dharmastala, Kollur.
Climatic conditions at Mangalore
Mangalore is situated between 12°52'N 74°53'E, with an average elevation of 22 meters from sea level, this place is a municipal entity with an area of 132.45km²
This place has a tropical climate, summer and also winter seasons experience similar temperature conditions, regularly it receives around 80% of annual rainfall and the most pleasant months here to visit is December to February, in this period either the rainfall or the humidity is at their lowest.
Mangalore has a total population of 3,98,745 according to Census 2001, the urbanites are more here than rural people, and the estimated population for the year 2008 is 4,31,976 and thus this is 101st most populous city in India, the decadal growth rate is 45.90, male literacy rate here is 59.5% while female literacy rate is 79%, and 6% belong to 6 years or less population. The birth rate is at 13.72%.
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