Model of Metro Train


Posted Date:     Total Responses: 0    Posted By: Santosh Chauhan   Member Level: Silver   Points/Cash: 9   


1. Introduction
The basic objective of this project is to include the common features of metro train such as:
1 LCD display,
2 Opening and closing of doors with a buzzer,
3 Driving of dc motors
with the help of interfacing all of them with AT89C51 microcontroller.
A toy car be used in this project which has two DC motors. One can be used for opening and closing the door and other can be used for moving the car forward.

2. The Need
Delhi, the National Capital with a population of about 12 million is, perhaps, the only city of its size in the world, which depends almost entirely on buses on it sole mode of mass transport.bus services are inadequate and heavily over-crowded.. The result of extreme congestion on the road, ever slowing speeds, increasing accident rate, fuel wastage and environmental pollution. Delhi has now become the fourth most city in the world, with automobiles contributing more than two thirds of the total atmospheric pollution. Pollution related health problems are reaching disconcerting levels.
Immediate steps are, therefore, needed to improve both the quality and availability of mass transport service. This is possible only if a rail-based mass transit system, which is non-polluting, is introduced in the city without further delay.


3. Circuit diagram is attached.

4. Power Supply System

4.1 Power supply circuit is attached.

The power supply consists of ac voltage transformer, diode rectifier, ripple filter, and voltage regulator. The description of the components is shown below.

4.2 Circuit operation:
In circuit operation, when the voltage generated by the transformer is higher than the capacitor voltage, the current flows through the diode charging the capacitors. At the same time, the load resistor drains current from the capacitors. When the amount of draining matches with the charging current, the voltage is stabilized. A sudden increase in load current will decrease the voltage across the capacitor. It will also increase the time period during which the diodes conduct, hence, the ripple.



5. Project Methodology

5.1 Components:

Component Name Quantity

1. Power Supply Section
plug with wire 1
Step down transformer (230v/12v a.c) 1
1N4007 diodes 4
LM7809 1
LM7805 1
100 µF 1
ON/OFF switch 1
Red LED 1
1K Resistor 1
2. Microcontroller Section
Microcontroller IC (AT89C51) with base 1
Crystal Oscillator (11.0592 MHz) 1
Capacitor (30pF) 2
Capacitor (10µF) 1
Resistor (8.2K) 1 LCD Connector 1
3. Buzzer 1
4. LCD(16x2) 1
5. Load Driver (L293D) with base 1
6. A Car (toy-driven by a DC motor) 1
7. General Purpose Card 4
8. Single Core Connecting Wires
9. Reset Switch (Push-on) 1
10. Old and Rough CD drive for making Door System 1
(We are to use only motor and Pulley system for door)


5.2 Softwares used:

1. Keil µVision3.
2. Top-View Simulator

5.3 Equipments used:

1. Soldering iron, solder, flux.
2. Hex Blade



5.4 Procedure of building the Prototype of Metro Train

Step 1: Circuit diagram of the proposed system is designed and finalized.
(Refer to figure 1 )
Step 2: All the components and software platform to be used are selected which
are also mentioned above.
Step 3: All the hardware components are soldered on their respective printed
circuit boards with the help of soldering ion, solder and flux according to
the hardware schematic shown in the Figure
Step 5: Code/program of the proposed system can be developed using assembly
Language or C language with the help of software platform (Keil µvision3).
Step 6: The hex code of the program being created by the software platform is
burnt into the flash code memory of our microcontroller IC 89C51.
Step 7: Testing is done at various levels to finalize the appropriate program for
the most proper working of the system.



5.5 General Working


When the power is turned on a message (“welcome to metro”) is displayed on LCD. Then a message “Current station is xx” is displayed and door is opened also. A buzzer is also turned on when door opens. After some delay the door is closed and car is started to move forward. A message “current station xx” is displayed also on LCD. After some delay a message “next station is yy” is displayed. After some time the train stops and a message “ current station is yy” is displayed. This process is continued for a number of stations. In the end a message “End of line” is displayed on LCD. This whole process is repeated until we turned off the power supply.

C language code is attached.


6. Advantages of metro train

Economic Benefits
Metro train benefits to the economy by the way of:
• Time saving for commuters
• Reliable and safe journey
• Reduction in atmospheric pollution
• Reduction in accident
• Reduced fuel consumption
• Reduced vehicle operating costs
• Increase in the average speed of road vehicles
• Improvement in the quality of life
• More attractive city for economic investment and growth






Attachments

  • C language Code (1140-221335-C Language Code.doc)


    circuit diag of metro



    Power supply ckt diag


  • Project Feedbacks

    Author: Member Level: BronzeRevenue Score: 1 out of 5
    hii... i need details of this project.
    plz send it to aanchal_white@yahoo.com


    Author: Member Level: BronzeRevenue Score: 1 out of 5
    hiii i need details of this project plz contact me akssiv2007@gmail.com


    Author: Member Level: BronzeRevenue Score: 2 out of 52 out of 5
    its really very good......
    please send me the full details of this project and the working principle with the circuit detailed diagram.........
    plzz send it to aloke09@gmail.com


    Author: Member Level: BronzeRevenue Score: 2 out of 52 out of 5
    hi,
    i need all details of this projects..........
    please send it,to my email amit_dhan007kumar@rediffmail.com


    Author: Member Level: BronzeRevenue Score: 2 out of 52 out of 5
    please send me the full details of this project and the working principle with the circuit detailed diagram......... send it to dineshbabu242@gmail.com


    Author: Member Level: BronzeRevenue Score: 2 out of 52 out of 5
    hi,
    i need all details of this projects..........
    please send it,to my email kr.gauravsharma3486@gmail.com


    Author: Member Level: BronzeRevenue Score: 3 out of 53 out of 53 out of 5
    hi ....i want whole description of the project ..pls send it wid the cct diagram on my ID hamzajamil36@hotmail.com pls pls pls its really urgent !! ....

    and i want to know abt the door system of the train & how it works wid this project ?

    pls send the details on hamzajamil36@hotmail.com


    Author: Member Level: BronzeRevenue Score: 2 out of 52 out of 5
    s really very good......
    please send me the full details of this project and the working principle with the circuit detailed diagram.........
    plzz send it to jitu_pawar@yahoo.com


    Author: Member Level: BronzeRevenue Score: 2 out of 52 out of 5
    can u send me all the details required to make this project ......pleasee my ID is cool_jyotiraditya27@hotmail.com.



    Author: Member Level: BronzeRevenue Score: 1 out of 5
    hi......i need more information regardin thid project....s m makin this project.plz rply soon


    Author: Member Level: BronzeRevenue Score: 2 out of 52 out of 5
    PLz MAIL me the programming code f the project, i need only the programming, will be very greatful if u can help,
    mail it 2 me on--
    neha.verma87@gmail.com or on-- neh_vma@yahoo.co.in


    Author: Member Level: BronzeRevenue Score: 2 out of 52 out of 5
    hi,
    i need the circuit diagram and block diagram of this project witch working plz.
    send me on my mail id given below.

    nitinnighute@gmail.com


    Author: Member Level: BronzeRevenue Score: 2 out of 52 out of 5
    May i get all the details along with the complete working of the project. Kindly e-mail it to me at rchawla1988@yahoo.com


    Author: Member Level: BronzeRevenue Score: 3 out of 53 out of 53 out of 5
    Kindly mail me the details to this project, i have to drive two dc motor along with the lcd and a proximity sensor interfaced to microcontroller,if you have any suggestions over components then you can do that.
    i will need your code as well as the circuit diagram for my project.


    Author: Member Level: BronzeRevenue Score: 1 out of 5
    My mail ID is rahul_3766@yahoo.com


    Author: Member Level: BronzeRevenue Score: 2 out of 52 out of 5
    hai i lik to do tis project as final yr project.. so plz help me by sending full details.. it ll vry helpful for me, so ple.. my id s ramprasathkrr2gmail.com


    Author: Member Level: BronzeRevenue Score: 1 out of 5
    Can U Please send me the full project details @ ajayneharkar123@gmail.com


    Author: Member Level: BronzeRevenue Score: 1 out of 5
    Good Project:)
    Can U Please send me the full project details:)(n.sachumusic@gmail.com)


    Author: Member Level: BronzeRevenue Score: 2 out of 52 out of 5
    may i know the details of the project with all details....sambitdasheie@gmail.com
    i request u to kindly send the details



    Author: Member Level: BronzeRevenue Score: 1 out of 5
    where r the attchements, u fucking ASSHOLE????


    Author: Member Level: SilverRevenue Score: 4 out of 54 out of 54 out of 54 out of 5
    please post the programming code and the block diagram of the circuit used in this project.. Please mailat datryan@gmail.com

    sagar

    1) Freewares & Cracked full version softwares

    2) Blogger tips


    Author: Member Level: BronzeRevenue Score: 1 out of 5
    please send me details of project on handesmita@yahoo.com


    Author: Member Level: SilverRevenue Score: 1 out of 5
    $minakshi
    give me your email id. I'll send the details.


    Author: Member Level: SilverRevenue Score: 2 out of 52 out of 5
    @ Saurabh:
    thanks for letting me know about attachment. well there was a problem when I was attaching the ckt. but its done successfully now. You can download the ckt diag now.


    Author: Member Level: SilverRevenue Score: 2 out of 52 out of 5
    @ Saurabh:
    thanks for letting me know about attachment. well there was a problem when I was attaching the ckt. but its done successfully now. You can download the ckt diag now.


    Author: Member Level: BronzeRevenue Score: 1 out of 5
    hi

    could u please send its entire detail on y_selani@yahoo.co.in


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