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2008 CBSE ECONOMICS MODEL QUESTION PAPER 1 Question paper
Sample Question Paper - I
Class - XII
Time - 3 Hours. Maximum marks - 100
1. All questions in both the sections are compulsory.
2. Marks for questions are indicated against each.
3. Question Nos. 1-5 and 17 - 21 are very short- answer questions carrying 1 mark each. They
are required to be answered in one sentence each
4. Question Nos. 6-10 and 22-26 are short-answer questions carrying 3 marks each. Answer to
them should not normally exceed 60 words each.
5. Question Nos. 11-13 and 27-29 are also short- answer questions carrying 4 marks each.
Answer to them should not normally exceed 70 words each.
6. Question Nos. 14-16 and 30-32 are long-answer questions carrying 6 marks each. Answer
to them should not normally exceed 100 words each..
7. Answer should be brief and to the point and the above word limit be adhered to as far as
1. What gives rise to an economic problem? (1)
2. Define ?production function?. (1)
3. What happens to equilibrium price of a commodity if there is ?decrease? in its demand
and ?increase? in its supply?
4. What induces new firms to enter an industry? (1)
5. Define cost. (1)
6. State three changes leading to the shift of demand curve of a consumer to the right. (3)
7. What will be the price elasticity of supply if the supply curve is a positively sloped (3)
8. Explain why a production possibilities curve is concave. (3)
9. Find the profit maximizing level of output from the following :
Quantity sold Price Average Total Cost
(Units) (Rs. per unit) (Rs.)
7 10 6
8 9 5
9 8 6
10 7 7
10. Define marginal revenue. State the relation between marginal revenue and average (3)
revenue when a firm :
(i) is able to sell more quantity of output at the same price.
(ii) is able to sell more quantity of output only by lowering the price. (3)
11. A consumer buys 100 units of a good at a price of Rs. 5 per unit. When price changes
he buys 140 units. What is the new price if price elasticity of demand is - 2 ? (4)
12. State any two features each of monopoly and monopolistic competition.
State four features of a perfectly competitive market.
13. Explain the effects of ?increase? in supply of a good on its equilibrium and (4)
equilibrium quantity. Use diagram.
For blind candidates in lieu of Q. No. 13
Explain the effects of ?increase? in supply of a good on its equilibrium price and (4)
equilibrium quantity with the help of a schedule.
14. Draw average total cost, average variable cost, and marginal cost curves in a
single diagram. Also explain the relationship between ATC and AVC.
For blind candidates in lieu of Q. NO. 14
Explain the relation between (i) ATC and AVC and (ii) MC and AVC. (6)
15. What is consumer?s equilbrium? Explain the conditions of consumer?s equilibrium
assuming that the consumer consumes only two goods.
Distinguish between an inferior good and a normal good. Explain the effect of
change in income on each giving suitable examples. (6)
16. Explain the reasons for : (i) increasing returns to a factor and (ii) increasing returns
to scale. (6)
17. Give meaning of involuntary unemployment. (1)
18. What is the relationship between marginal propensity to consume and
marginal propensity to save? (1)
19. State any two sources of non-tax revenue receipts. (1)
20. Why is entertainment tax an indirect tax? (1)
21. What is meant by Cash Reserve Ratio? (1)
22. From the following data relating to a firm, calculate its net value added at factor cost :
(Rs. in Crores)
(i) Subsidy 40
(ii) Sales 800
(iii) Depreciation 30
(iv) Exports 100
(v) Closing stock 20
(vi) Opening stock 50
(vii) Intermediate purchases 500 (3)
23. Can there be a fiscal deficit in a government budget without a revenue deficit?
Distinguish between direct tax and indirect tax. Give an example of each. (3)
24. Categorise the following government receipts into revenue and capital receipts Give
reasons for your answer.
(a) Receipts from sale of shares of a public sector undertaking.
(b) Borrowings from public.
(c) Profits of public sector undertaking (3)
25. List three sources each of demand and supply of foreign exchange (3)
26. Name any three types of deposit accounts of commercial banks and also state one of
their distinguishing features. (4)
27. Distinguish between current account and capital account of balance of payment (4)
account. Is import of machinery recorded in current account or capital account?
28. State the role of central bank as a banker to the government.
Describe the following functions of money :-
(a) Medium of exchange
(b) Standard of deferred payment (4)
29. An increase of Rs. 250 crores in investment in an economy resulted in total
increase in income of Rs. 1000 crores, Calculate the following :
(a) Marginal propensity to consume
(b) Change in Savings
(c) Change in consumption expenditure
(d) Value of multiplier (4)
30. Why are exports included in the estimation of domestic product by the expenditure
method? Can gross domestic product be greater than gross national product ?
31. Explain the meaning of equilibrium level of income and output with the help of
saving and investment curves. If planned expenditure is less than planned output,
what changes will take place in the economy?
For Blind Candidates in lieu of Q. No. 31
Explain the meaning of equilibrium level of employment by saving and investment
approach. If planned expenditure is less than planned output, what changes will
take place in the economy?
32. From the following data calculate National Income by Income and Expenditure
methods : (3, 3)
(i) Government final consumption expenditure 100
(ii) Subsidies 10
(iii) Rent 200
(iv) Wages and salaries 600
(v) Indirect tax 60
(vi) Private final consumption expenditure 800
(vii) Gross domestic capital formation 120
(viii) Social security contributions by employers 55
(ix) Royalty 25
(x) Net factor income paid to abroad 30
(xi) Interest 20
(xii) Net domestic capital formation 110
(xiii) Profit 130
(xiv) Net exports 70
Calculate Gross National Disposable Income and Personal Income from the following
data : (3, 3)
(i) Personal tax 120
(ii) Net indirect tax 100
(iii) Corporation tax 90
(iv) National income 1000
(v) Net factor income from abroad 5
(vi) Consumption of fixed capital 50
(vii) National debt interest 70
(viii) Retained earnings of private corporate sector 40
(ix) Net current transfers to the rest of the world. (-)20
(x) Current transfers from government 30
(xi) Share of government in national income 80
1. Scarcity of resources (1)
2. Production function is a technological relationship between physical inputs and
physical output (1)
3. Equlibrium price will fall. (1)
4. Earning of above- normal profit by the existing firms. (1)
5. Cost of producing a good is the sum of actual expenditure on inputs and the
imputed expenditure on the inputs supplied by the owner. (1)
1. Rise in the price of the substitute good.
2. Fall in the price of complementary good.
3. Rise in income (in case of a normal good)
4. Fall in income (in case of an inferior good)
5. Increase in taste for the good.
(Any three) (1x3)
7. Es = 1 if the curve starts from the origin
Es> 1 if the curve starts from the y-axis
E<1 if the curve starts from the x-axix
8. Downward sloping concave PP curve shows increasing Marginal Rate of
Transformation (MRT) as more quantity of one good is produced by reducing
quantity of the other good. This behaviour of the MRT is based on the assumption
that all resources are not equally efficient in production of all goods. As more of
one good is produced, less and less efficient resources have to be transferred to the
production of the other good which raises marginal cost i.e. MRT. (3)
The problem means that who will buy the goods produced ? Clearly those who
have income will buy. people earn income in the form of wages, rent, interest and
profit. This reduces the problem to the problem of distribution of income among
9. Qty. sold. Price ATC TR TC Profit
(Units) (Rs. per unit) (Rs) (Rs) (Rs) (TR-TC)
7 10 6 70 42 28
8 9 5 72 40 32
9 8 6 72 54 22
10 7 7 70 70 0 (2)
Profit maximizing output = 8 units (1)
10. Marginal revenue is the addition to total revenue from producing one more unit of
(i) MR = AR at all the output levels (1)
(ii) MR will be less than AR at all the output levels (1)
- = (1½)
? 200 P = 200
or P = ?1 (½)
New P = P+ P = 5+(?1) = Rs.4. (1)
12. Monopoly :
(1) Only one producer
(2) No freedom of entry to new firms, etc.
Monopolistic Competition (1x2)
(1) Large number of sellers and buyers
(2) Firms produce diiferentiated products.
(3) Freedom of entry and exit to firms
(4) Perfect knowledge about market (any two) 1x2
Perfect competition : (1) Large number of sellers and buyers
(2) Firms produce homegeneous product
(3) Freedom of entry and exit to firm
(4) Perfect knowledge about market and technology. (1x4)
13. Increase in supply means more quantity supplied at the given price. Supply curve
shifts to the right from S1 to S2. This creates excess supply (=E, A) at price OP.
Since the firms are not able to sell what they produce, Competition among firms
leading to fall in price. takes place. Fall in price leads to rise in demand and fall in
supply. These changes continue till price falls to OP2 OP2 is the new equilibrium
price and OQ2. equilibrum quantity. (3)
For Blind Candidates in lieu of Question No. 13
Relation between ATC and AVC. (3)
1. ATC is greater than AVC by the amount of AFC. (1½)
2. The difference between ATC and AVC decreases as more output is produced
because AFC declines as level of output increases. (1½)
For Blind Candidates in lieu of Q. No.14
(i) Relation between ATC and AVC (Same as above) (3)
(ii) Relation between MC and AVC :
(a) When MC> AVC, AVC falls
(b) When MC= AVC, AVC is constant (1x3)
(c) When MC< AVC, AVC falls
15. Consumer?s equiibrium means allocation of income by a consumer on goods and
services in a manner that gives him maximum satisfaction. (2)
The two conditions of consumer?s equibrium are :
(i) Ratio of marginal utility to price in case of each good is the same i.e.
MUx = (2)
(ii) MU of a good decreases as more of it is consumed. (2)
16. (i) It means that TPP increases at an increasing rate and consequently MPP rises.
It is due to (a) more efficient utilization of fixed input and (b) division of labour
and specialisation due to increase in the quantity of variable input. (3)
(ii) It means output increasing in greater proportion than the increase in all input
simultaneously and in the same proportion. It is due to (a) more division of
labour leading to specialisation that increases produtivilty and(b) use of
17. Involuntary unemployment occurs when those who are able and willing to work at
the prevailing wage rate do not get work (1)
18. The sum of MPC and MPS is equal to 1. (1)
19. Income from investment made by the government, fees and fines received by the
20. It is an indirect tax because its burden can be shifted. (1)
21. It is the ratio of bank deposits that the commercial banks must keep with the central
22. NVAfc = (ii)+(v)-(vi)-(vii)-(iii)+(i) (1)
= 800+20-50-500-30+40 (1½)
= Rs. 280 lakhs (½)
23. Yes it is possible in the following situations
(i) When revenue budget is balanced and capital budget shows a deficit.
(ii) When there is a surplus in the revenue budget but the deficit in capital budget
is greater than this surplus (1½)
Direct tax is a tax in which incidence & impact is on the same person. Its burden
cannot be shifted. Indirect tax is a tax where burden can be shifted. (2)
Exampls : Direct Tax : Income Tax etc................. (½)
Indirect Tax : Excise duty etc............... (½)
24. (a) It is a capital receipt as it results in reduction of asset.
(b) It is a capital receipt as it creates liability.
(c) It is a revenue receipt as it neither creates a liability nor reduces any asset. (1)
25. Sources of demand for foreign exchange :
(ii) Tourists going abroad
(iii) Investors who want to make investments in other countries. (½x3)
Sources of supply of foreign exchange.
(ii) Foreign tourists
(iii) Remittances from abroad, etc. (½x3)
26. (i) Current account deposits
The bank does not pay any interest on deposit in this account. (½)
(ii) Saving account deposits (½)
Interest is paid on deposits is this account. (½)
(iii) Fixed/ term deposits (½)
Interest paid on such deposits is higher than the interest paid on deposits under
saving account (½)
27. In current account, transactions relating to export and import of goods and services (3)
and transfer payment are recorded. In capital account transaction relating to
international purchases and sales of assets are recorded.
Import of machinery is included under import of goods and so it is recorded under (1)
28. The central bank acts as a banker to the government. The government keeps its cash
balance with the central bank. The central bank accepts receipts and makes payments
for the government. It also provides short term credit facility to the government.
It also manages the public debt. It also advises the government on banking and
financial matters. (4)
(a) Money is acceptable as means of exchange. A person can sell his goods or
services in exchange for money and can use this money for buying the goods and
services that he needs. Thus money acts as a medium of exchange, (2)
(b) Deferred payments mean payments to be made in future. Money serves as a
standard for deferred payments. Money can perform this function only if its value
remains more or less stable. (2)
29. (a) YI
= K =
MPS = 0.25
\MPC = 0.75
So MPC = 0.75 (1)
(b) D S = D Y x MPS
= 1000 x 0.25
= Rs. 250 Crores (1)
(c) D C = D Y x MPC
= Rs. 750 Crores (1)
K = = 4 (1)
30. Expenditure method estimates expenditure on domestic product, i.e expenditure on
final goods and services produced within the economic territory of the country. It
includes expenditure by residents and non- residents both. Exports, though purchased
by non- residents, are produced within the economic territory, and therefore, a part
of domestic product. (4)
Domestic product can be greater than national product if factor income paid to the
rest of the world is greater than the factor income received from the rest of the world
is i.e. when net-factor income received from abroad is negative. (2)
31. The equilibrium level of income and output is that level at which planned saving and
planned investment are equal. (1)
ss? is the saving curve that shows planned saving at diffrent levels of income. I I?
shows fixed level of investment as it is assumed that investment is given and is
constant, OQ is the equilibrium level of income and output as at this level, planned
saving and investment are equal (2)
If planned expenditure is less than planned output inventories will increase. So output
will be reduced till planned expenditure and planned output are equal.
Same as above except diagram
For Blind candidates
32. Income method
National Income = (iv+viii) + (iii + ix) + xi+xiii - x (1)
= (600+55)+(200+25)+20+130-30 (1½)
=Rs. 1000 crores (½)
National Income = vi+i+xii+xiv-v+ii-x (1)
= 800+100+110+70-60+10-30 (1½)
= Rs. 1000 Crores (½)
GNDI = iv+ii+vi-ix (1)
= 1000 +100 + 50 -(-20) (1½)
= Rs. 1170 (½)
Personal Income = (iv-xi) + (vii-ix+x)-viii-iii (1)
= 1000-80+70-(-20)+30- 40- 90 (1½)
= Rs. 910 Crores. (½)
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