Login
Register
New Members

Earn Revenue

Help
Forum
Articles
Practice Tests
Ask Experts
Question Papers
Jobs
Universities
Colleges
Courses
Schools
Reviews

Learn English

Gift Shop

Social Hub

Training

New Posts

My India

Members

Post Content

Resources
»
Articles/Knowledge Sharing
»
Education
Quantum Numbers and types
Posted Date: 25Dec2009
Last Updated:
25Dec2009
Category:
Education
Author:
niranjan
Member Level:
Gold
Points
: 10
Quantum numbers
quantum numbers
are useful to locate the address of electron in the atom. There are four types of quantum numbers, they are
1) Principal quantum numbers
2) Azimuthal quantum numbers
3) Magnetic quantum numbers
4) Spin quantum numbers
Principal quantum numbers
These are proposed by
Niels Bhor
and are represented by ‘
n
’. This number represents the number of principal orbits to which the electron belongs. Principal quantum numbers have integral values like n=1,2,3,4 or K, L, M , N. these signifies the size of an atom by measuring radius. By knowing these quantum numbers many things like energy of electron, number of sub shells in an orbit, number of orbital’s in an orbit and number of electrons in a orbit can be calculated
Azimuthal quantum number
Sommerfeld
introduced azimuthal quantum numbers and are basically denoted by
’l’
. The value of
’l’
depends on
’n’
and can be calculated by subtracting 1 form the value of
’n’
.
’l’
can have all the integral values starting from zero to n1.
When l=0 then the corresponding electron belongs to
s
sub shell
Similarly
When l=1 psub shell
When l=2 dsub shell
When l=3 fsub shell
So for the above we can conclude that one can predict the position of electron by knowing the value of azimuthal quantum number. Azimuthal quantum number helps in finding out the shape of orbital. This quantum number is also called as angular momentum quantum number of subsidiary quantum number. This quantum number helps in calculating number of electrons in an electron (4l+2), number of orbitals in a sub shell (2l+1)
Magnetic Quantum number
This set of quantum numbers is proposed by
Lande
and are denoted by
’m’
. The range of
’m’
lies between
’l’
to
’+l’
. This quantum number signified the spatial orientations of an electron in orbital. If an electron is in
’s’
sub shell then
’l=0’
’m=0’
, so there is one orientation in magnetic field of all the electrons corresponding to
’s’
sub shell. Similarly there are three orientations for a
’p’
sub shell they are Px, Py, Pz and for
’d’
sub shell there are five degenerate orbitals and seven for
’f’
sub shell. This quantum numbers are proposed for the explanation of Zeeman and Stark effect.
Spin Quantum Numbers
Uhlenbeck and Goudsmith
are the persons who proposed these quantum numbers. These quantum numbers are denoted by
’s’
. electron spins around its axis in addition to revolving round the nucleus. In general a electron has two types of spins.
Clock wise and Anticlock wise spins
. The possible values of spin quantum numbers are + ½ and – ½ and these values are denoted by arrows which indicate upward or downward directions.
Did you like this resource? Share it with your friends and show your love!
Tweet
Responses to "
Quantum Numbers and types
"
No responses found. Be the first to respond...
Feedbacks
Post Comment:
Notify me by email when others post comments to this article.
Do not include your name, "with regards" etc in the comment. Write detailed comment, relevant to the topic.
No HTML formatting and links to other web sites are allowed.
This is a strictly moderated site. Absolutely no spam allowed.
Name:
Sign In
to fill automatically.
Email:
(Will not be published, but
required
to validate comment)
Type the numbers and letters shown on the left.
Submit Article
Return to
Article Index
Subscribe to Email
Get Jobs by Email
Forum posts by Email
Articles by Email
Awards & Gifts
Active Members
Today
R Pramod
(92)
K Mohan
(62)
Bhargavkumar Ka...
(45)
Last 7 Days
R Pramod
(822)
K Mohan
(516)
Ashutosh
(428)
more...
Online Members
vamshi
Sun
Timmy M.John
Saroja
T Syed Rizwan
Sam
mubashira
Enjamuri
Sunil Shetsandi
sajin
More...