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Save water, save the world
Statistics of water, its usage, tips to save and preserve water are discussed. The motto of World water day, World water decade and World water week are to be kept in mind.
Our planet, Earth has a total volume of 1.4 billion km of water. About 70 percentage of this is in the form of ice in the Artic and Antartic region. Only 2.5 percentage of the total water available is fresh water. At the same time, each person requires 20 to 50 litres of fresh water every day. So water scarcity has become one of the major issues faced by the world today. According to certain studies, a man need 2 to 4 litres of drinking water a day. At the same time, about 2000 to 5000 litres is needed to produce food for a person. Of the water present in our planet, 70 percentage is used for irrigation purpose, 22 percentage for industrial use and the remaining 8 percentage goes for domestic use.
There are a lot of countries with water scarcity as the main problem. It is predicted that, even the wars of the coming years will be based on the share of water. This has already started in our nation. We have good examples for it such as the Cauvery river water dispute, Krishna water dispute, Narmada water dispute etc. These rivers and the water flowing through it has become a sensitive issue between the states. Apart from this, there are major disputes between neighbouring countries regarding the sharing of water from rivers that flow through them.
In India we have water all around us. Still we find scarcity of water. Lack of water management is the main cause of this crisis. The harmful chemicals such as asbestos, nitrates, lead, mercury etc pollute the water resources. Due to this, the percentage of pure water is declining. Studies reveal that developing countries deposit 70 percentage of industrial waste to water resources. Other waste deposited into water resources include food waste and fertilizers. Each day 2 million tons of human waste reaches the water resources. Non availability of fresh water can lead to unhygienic life and unsafe drinking water. Drinking unhygienic water can lead to diarrhea, which has become the biggest cause of illness and death all over the world.
Man has always used nature for his selfish motives and comforts. He has forgotten the fact that the earth on which he lives, not only belongs to him, but also to all living beings including animals and trees. As human beings exploits the natural resources, other living beings are also badly affected by the consequences. One such example is the threat of extinction of the Penguin's in Antartica due to water shortage.
The use of water has increased twice the rate of increase of population. This is an alarming situation. Being one of the most important resources nature has given us, we are bound to preserve it. We cannot live without water. It is high time that we understand the need for the preservation of water. Preserving water is as important as saving water. Now we have started using ground water at a faster pace. What will we opt for after this?
After studying all the consequence of our present day life, “UN-Water” was established in 2003 by United Nations High Level Committee on Programs. This is not an implementing body, but a platform to co-ordinate different institutions for improving the environment. World water decade is observed from 2005 to 2015. The message for the decade is “Water for life”. World water day is celebrated on March 22nd every year. The message for World water day of 2010 is to create awareness about maintaining a healthy ecosystem. The aim is to encourage governments, organisations and individuals to improve the quality of water and prevent pollution and restoration. The World water week will be observed from 5th to 11th of September 2010.
It is time to take action. We can improve the knowledge base on water and its issues. For this government agencies and media can be made use of. Awareness campaigns should be conducted. The residents associations can work to clean up the lakes and rivers near their place. We should stop dumping waste and plastics into water courses. Impose heavy tax on industries which pollute the water resources.
The water wasted in domestic circumstances is neglected. But this sums up to a huge quantity. There are a certain steps which we can do to preserve and save water in our household activities.
Tips to save water
- Bucket baths save more water than shower baths.
- Repair leaks in pipes. Observe the water meter to know if there are any leaks.
- Do not allow water to flow when you are washing face, shaving or washing dishes.
- Take care not to waste water when cleaning the car.
- Use lesser water for plants.
- Washing machine should be used only when it is loaded fully.
- While washing dishes you two large vessels and clean using water in it.
- Do not use sprinklers in garden.
- Try to reduce the area of lawn.
- Wash fruits and vegetables in a bowl of water.
- Water from kitchen can be reused for garden.
- Use food coloring in toilet flush, if the toilet bowl gets colored then there is a leaking and repair is needed.
- Use rainwater harvesting methods to preserve water.
Let us not wait for the world water day to take the pledge. Let us start acting today itself and make it a practice .
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